Search for possible latitudinal ecotypes inDumontia contorta (Rhodophyta)

  • H. Rietema
  • C. van den Hoek
Article

Abstract

Effects of daylength and temperature on the formation of erect fronds (macrothalli) from crusts (microthalli) ofDumontia contorta (S. G. Gmel.) Rupr. from three localities in Nova Scotia and one locality in Southern Iceland were investigated and compared to such effects shown by strains from three different East Atlantic localities (Isle of Man; Zeeland, S. W. Netherlands; and Roscoff, Brittany, France). Although these strains showed small differences in their temperature-daylength responses, these could not be interpreted as latitudinal adaptations, and consequently no latitudinal ecotypes could be found forDumontia contorta in the N. Atlantic Ocean. Upright fronds are formed at a broad temperature range of about 4°–18°C and at daylengths ≤ 13 h. Only in the southernmost part of its distribution area can high autumnal temperatures be expected to block the reappearance of upright fronds after passage of the critical daylength in September. In the larger part of the distribution area even summer temperatures are not high enough to block formation of uprights and here apparently only short daylengths initiate the reappearance of young upright fronds in autumn. The consequences of these aspects of the life history regulation for the geographic distribution are discussed.

Keywords

Waste Water Water Management Water Pollution Life History Geographic Distribution 

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Copyright information

© Biologische Anstalt Helgoland 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Rietema
    • 1
  • C. van den Hoek
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Marine Biology, Biological CentreUniversity of GroningenHaren (Gn.)The Netherlands

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