Advertisement

Methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus: A continuing infection control challenge

  • J. M. Boyce
Current Topic: Editorial

References

  1. 1.
    Cooke EM, Casewell MW, Emmerson AM, Gaston M, de Saxe M, Mayon-White RT, Galbraith NS Methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus in the UK and Ireland. A questionnaire survey. Journal of Hospital Infection 1986, 8: 143–148.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Turnidge J, Lawson P, Munro R, Benn R A national survey of antimicrobial resistance inStaphylococcus aureus in Australian teaching hospitals. Medical Journal of Australia 1989, 150: 65, 69-65, 72.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Martin DR, Heffernan HM, Davies HG Methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus: an increasing threat in New Zealand hospitals. New Zealand Medical Journal 1989, 102: 367–369.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Boyce JM Increasing prevalence of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus in the United States. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 1990, 11: 639–642.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Panlilio AL, Culver DH, Gaynes RP, Banerjee S, Henderson TS, Tolson JS, Martone WJ Methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus in U.S. hospitals, 1975–1991. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 1992, 13: 582–586.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Opal SM, Mayer KH, Stenberg MJ, Blazek JE, Mikolich DJ, Dickensheets DL, Lyhte LW, Trudel RR, Musser JM Frequent acquisition of multiple strains of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus by healthcare workers in an endemic hospital environment. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 1990, 11: 479–485.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Woolfrey BF, Lally RT, Ederer MN An evaluation of three rapid coagglutination tests: sero STAT, Accu-Staph, and Staphyloslide, for differentiatingStaphylococcus aureus from other species of staphylococci. American Journal of Clinical Pathology 1984, 81: 345–348.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Fournier JM, Boutonnier A, Bouvet A Staphylococcus aureus strains which are not identified by rapid agglutination methods are of capsular serotype 5. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1989, 27: 1372–1374.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jacobson C, Strausbaugh LJ Incidence and impact of infection in a nursing home care unit. American Journal of Infection Control 1990, 18: 151–159.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Fournier JM, Bouvet A, Mathieu D, Nato F, Boutonnier A, Gerbal R, Brunengo P, Saulnier C, Sagot N, Slizewicz B, Mazie JC New latex reagent using monoclonal antibodies to capsular polysaccharide for reliable identification of both oxacillin-susceptible and oxacillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1993, 31: 1342–1344.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Adams J, van Enk R Use of commercial particle agglutination systems for the rapid identification of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 1994, 13: 86–89.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Voss A, Milatovic D, Wallrauch-Schwarz C, Rosdahl VT, Braveny I Methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus in Europe. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 1994, 13: 50–55.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Struelens MJ, Mertens R, the Groupement pur le Despistage l'Etude et la Prevention des Infections Hospitalieres National survey of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus in Belgian hospitals: detection methods, prevalence trends and infection control measures. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 1994, 13: 56–63.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mackenzie AMR, Richardson H, Missett P, Wood DE, Groves DJ Accuracy of reporting of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus in a provincial quality control program: a 9-year study. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1993, 31: 1275–1279.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Archer GL, Pennell E Detection of methicillin resistance in staphylococci by using a DNA probe. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1990, 34: 1720–1724.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Gerberding JL, Miick C, Liu HH, Chambers HF Comparison of conventional susceptibility tests with direct detection of penicillin-binding protein 2a in borderline oxacillin-resistant strains ofStaphylococcus aureus. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 1991, 35: 2574–2579.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kobayashi Y, Kizaki M, Kawakami Y, Uchida H, Ikeda Y Assessment of oxacillin salt agar for detection of MRSA identified by presence of themecA gene. Journal of Hospital Infection 1993, 23: 279–285.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Skulnick M, Simor AE, Gregson D, Patel M, Small GW, Kreiswirth B, Hathoway D, Low DE Evaluation of commercial and standard methodology for determination of oxacillin susceptibility inStaphylococcus aureus. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1992, 30: 1985–1988.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Layton MC, Perez M, Heald P, Patterson JE An out-break of mupirocin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus on a dermatology ward associated with an environmental reservoir. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 1993, 14: 369–375.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rosdahl VT, Knudsen AM The decline of methicillin-resistance among DanishStaphylococcus aureus strains. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 1991, 12: 83–88.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Schito GC, Varaldo PE Trends in the epidemiology and antibiotic resistance of clinical staphylococcus strains in Italy; a review. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 1988, 21: 67–81.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Blumberg LH, Klugman KP Control of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus bacteriaemia in high risk areas. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 1994, 13: 82–85.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Coello R, Jiminez J, Garcia M, Arroyo P, Dominguez D, Fernandez C, Cruzet F, Gaspar C Infection, colonization and carriage of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus in an outbreak affecting 990 patients: a prospective study. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 1994, 13: 74–81.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Valls V, Gomez-Herruz P, Gonzales-Palacios R, Cuadros JA, Romanyk JP, Ena J Long term efficacy of a program to control methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 1994, 13: 90–95.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Boyce JM Methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus in hospitals and long-term care facilities: microbiology, epidemiology and preventive measures. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 1992, 13: 725–737.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Pujol M, Pena C, Pallares R, Ayats J, Ariza J, Gudiol F Risk factors for nosocomial bacteremia due to methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 1994, 13: 96–102.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Myers JP, Linnemann CC Bacteremia due to methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus. Journal of Infectious Diseases 1982, 145: 532–536.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Sorrell TC, Packham DR, Shanker S, Foldes M, Munro R Vancomycin therapy for methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus. Annals of Internal Medicine 1982, 97: 344–350.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Craven DE, Kollisch NR, Hsich CR, Connolly MG, McCabe WR Vancomycin treatment of bacteremia caused by oxacillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus: comparison with beta-lactam antibiotic treatment of bacteremia caused by oxacillin-sensitiveStaphylococcus aureus. Journal of Infectious Diseases 1983, 147: 137–143.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Libman H, Arbeit RD Complications associated withStaphylococcus aureus bacteremia. Archives of Internal Medicine 1984, 144: 541–545.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Mylotte JM, McDermott C, Spooner JA Prospective study of 114 consecutive episodes ofStaphylococcus aureus bacteremia. Reviews of Infectious Diseases 1987, 9: 891–907.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Cafferkey MT, Hone R, Keane CT Sources and outcome for methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus bacteraemia. Journal of Hospital Infection 1988, 11: 136–143.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Pearman JW, Christiansen KJ, Annear DI, Goodwin CS, Metcalf C, Donovan FP, Macey KL, Bassette LD, Powell IM, Green JM, et al Control of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus in an Australian metropolitan teaching hospital complex. Medical Journal of Australia 1985, 142: 103–108.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Combined Work Party Revised guidelines for the control of epidemic methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus. Journal of Hospital Infection 1990, 16: 351–377.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Wenzel RP, Nettleman MD, Jones RN, Pfaller MA Methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus: implications for the 1990s and effective control measures. American Journal of Medicine 1991, 91, Supplement 3B: 221–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    New Zealand Communicable Disease Centre Guidelines for the control of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus in New Zealand. Communicable Disease — New Zealand 1992, 92, Supplement 1: 1–18.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Mulligan ME, Murray-Leisure KA, Ribner BS, Standiford HC, John JJ, Korvick JA, Kauffman CA, Yu VL Methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus: a consensus review of the microbiology, pathogenesis, and epidemiology with implications for prevention and management. American Journal of Medicine 1993, 94: 313–328.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Boyce JM Should we vigorously try to contain and control MRSA? Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 1991, 12: 46–54.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Casewell MW, Hill RLR Elimination of nasal carriage ofStaphylococcus aureus with mupirocin (“pseudomonic acid”) — a controlled trial. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 1986, 17: 365–372.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Reagan DR, Doebbeling BN, Pfaller MA, Sheetz CT, Houston AK, Hollis RJ, Wenzel RP Elimination of coincidentStaphylococcus aureus nasal and hand carriage with intranasal application of mupirocin calcium ointment. Annals of Internal Medicine 1991, 114: 101–106.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Hill RL, Duckworth GJ, Casewell MW Elimination of nasal carriage of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus with mupirocin during a hospital outbreak. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 1988, 22: 377–384.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Casewell MW, Hill RLR Minimal dose requirements for nasal mupirocin and its role in the control of epidemic MRSA. Journal of Hospital Infection 1991, 19, Supplement B: 35–40.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Boyce JM, Opal SM, Potter-Bynoe G, Medeiros AA Spread of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus in a hospital after exposure to a health care worker with chronic sinusitis. Clinical Infectious Diseases 1993, 17: 496–504.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Mulligan ME, Arbeit RD Epidemiologic and clinical utility of typing systems for differentiating among strains of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 1991, 12: 20–28.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Monzon-Moreno C, Aubert S, Morvan A, El Sohl N Usefulness of three probes in typing isolates of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus. Journal of Medical Microbiology 1991, 35: 80–88.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Pfaller MA, Wakefield DS, Hollis R, Fredrickson M, Evans E, Massanari RM The clinical microbiology laboratory as an aid in infection control. The application of molecular techniques in epidemiologic studies of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus, Diagnostic Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 1991, 14: 209–217.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Prevost G, Jaulhac B, Piemont Y DNA fingerprinting by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis is more effective than ribotyping in distinguishing among methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus isolates. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1992, 30: 967–973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Struelens MJ, Deplano A, Godard C, Maes N, Serruys E Epidemiologic typing and delineation of genetic relatedness of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus by macrorestriction analysis of genomic DNA by using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1992, 30: 2599–2605.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Saulnier P, Bourneix C, Prevost G, Andremont A Random amplified polymorphic DNA assay is less discriminant than pulsed-field gel electrophoresis for typing strains of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1993, 31: 982–985.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Struelens MJ, Bax R, Deplano A, Quint WGV, van-Belkum A Concordant clonal delineation of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus by macrorestriction analysis and polymerase chain reaction genome fingerprinting. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1993, 31: 1964–1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Fang FC, McClelland M, Guiney DG, Jackson MM, Hartstein AI, Morthland VH, Davis CE, McPherson DC, Welsh J Value of molecular epidemiologic analysis in a nosocomial methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus outbreak. Journal of the American Medical Association 1993, 270: 1323–1328.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    DeLencastre H, Couto I, Santos I, Melo-Cristino J, Torres-Perreira A, Tomasz A Outbreak of staphylococcal disease in an Portuguese hospital caused by a rare clone of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 1994, 13: 64–73.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. Boyce
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Infectious Diseases, Miriam HospitalBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA

Personalised recommendations