, Volume 10, Issue 3–4, pp 179–197 | Cite as

The classification of science and the science of classification

  • M. J. Moravcsik


With a view toward a system of science indicators which is flexible, appropriate, and unambiguous, a brief discussion is given of the theory of classification. This is then applied to three situations arising in input indicators for science, and it is shown how the presently used formalism for such indicators could be improved and thus eliminate unnecessary disputes in the practical application of such indicators.


Science Indicator Input Indicator Unnecessary Dispute 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 1.
    Such as R. R. SOKAL, Classifications: purposes, principles, progress, prospects,Science, 185 (1974) 1115 or E. ROSCH, Principles of categorization, In: E. ROSCH, B. B. LLOYD, (Eds),Cognition and Categories, John Wiley and Sons, Hillsdale, N. J., 1978.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. J. MORAVCSIK,How to Grow Science, Universe Books, New York 1980, Appendix A.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. J. MORAVCSIK,Scientometrics, 6 (1984) 75.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    OECD,The Measurement of Scientific and Technical Activities; Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys of Research and Experimental Development; “Frascati Manual” 1980. OECD, Paris, 1981.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. J. Moravcsik
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Theoretical ScienceUniversity of OregoEugene(USA)

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