Comparative effects of drugs on four paw oedema models in the rat
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The development of novel anti-inflammatory drugs (AID) has been claimed to be dependent on the discovery of models of inflammation that differ from those currently used for drug screening, e.g. carrageenen paw oedema and u.v. erythema. We have thus evaluated the effect of a variety of drugs in a number of novel models of inflammation in the rat produced in the hind paw. We have utilized kaolin, zymosan, anti-rat IgG (anti-IgG) and the Reversed Passive Arthus (RPA) reaction to produce these oedema models.
We found that the non-steroidal AID's, e.g. aspirin, flufenamic acid, indomethacin, naproxen and phenylbutazone, were active in all four tests. Of the nine novel AID examined, levamisole and tetramisole demonstrated considerable activity in all four tests and dapsone was especially active in the anti-IgG and RPA tests. In contrast, the anti-rheumatic d-penicillamine was inactive in all four models. Each of the ten compounds tested which has been claimed to influence complement function, was active in the RPA but not in the kaolin model. These results are discussed in the context of the aetiology of each oedema and the suspected mode of action of the various drugs.
KeywordsAspirin Indomethacin Naproxen Kaolin Levamisole
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