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European Journal of Clinical Microbiology

, Volume 1, Issue 5, pp 301–306 | Cite as

The vaginal microbial flora in non-specific vaginitis

  • P. Piot
  • E. Van Dyck
  • P. Godts
  • J. Vanderheyden
Current Topic: Gardnerella vaginalis and Non-Specific Vaginitis

Abstract

The facultative and strictly anaerobic vaginal microbial flora was investigated in 40 women with non-specific vaginitis and in 40 control women seen in private gynaecological practice.Gardnerella vaginalis, anaerobic gram-negative bacilli, anaerobic gram-negative and gram-positive cocci were all associated with non-specific vaginitis (p<0.001), whereas lactobacilli occurred less frequently in non-specific vaginitis than in controls (p<0.01). The most common anaerobes wereVeillonella parvula, Bacteroides bivius, Bacteroides assaccharolyticus, Bacteroides capillosus andPeptococcus asaccharolyticus. Anaerobic gram-negative curved rods were found in 11% of cases of non-specific vaginitis. A characteristic pattern of short chain organic acids was found on gas liquid chromatographic analysis of vaginal secretions in non-specific vaginitis. A succinate/lactate peak ratio of 0.3 or more was found in 75% of women with non-specific vaginitis (p<0.001). Clue cells, a Positive amine test, a pH higher than 5.0, and the absence of lactobacilli on a Gram stained vaginal smear strongly correlated with non-specific vaginitis (p<0.001).

Keywords

Lactobacillus Liquid Chromatographic Analysis Vaginal Smear Vaginal Secretion Gardnerella Vaginalis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Vieweg Publishing 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Piot
    • 1
  • E. Van Dyck
    • 1
  • P. Godts
    • 2
  • J. Vanderheyden
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyInstitute of Tropical MedicineAntwerpenBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and GynaecologyO.L. Vrouw MiddelaresDeurneBelgium
  3. 3.Department of Obstetrics and GynaecologyUniversity of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium

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