Scientometrics

, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp 229–252 | Cite as

A simple method for dynamic scientometrics using lexical analysis

Article

Abstract

Techniques for studying problematic networks in science and technology are principally derived either from citation analyses or from lexical methods. The former have been the object of many developments and improvements. A considerable range of applications exists within the practical constraint of their being limited to fields covered by the ISI databases. For the latter, the co-word method has a register of applications that up until now have been more specialized in the sociology of “science as it is done”, but it has in principle no field limitations. An important question is whether we can extend the application range of this analytical method to take in longer periods, and in particular to deal with historiography either on a large scale (at the level of a research field) or on a small scale (at the level of a process of discovery or invention). Here we propose a way of rendering lexical methods dynamic, more particularly through developing a rudimentary but precise technique to aid historiographical analysis. This method ofcritical variations is illustrated in a working example.

Keywords

Research Field Citation Analysis Field Limitation Application Range Practical Constraint 

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Zitt
    • 1
  1. 1.LERIA/INRANantes Cedex 03(France)

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