, Volume 1, Issue 5–6, pp 387–404 | Cite as

New options for team research via international computer networks

  • G. M. Dobrov
  • R. H. Randolph
  • W. D. Rauch


In this paper, international team research (ITR) is discussed as an object for measurement, systems analysis, and management. The paper is intended as a contribution to the development of a “problem” orientation in scientometrics. In the authors' view, scientometric studies can help solve the problem of efficient ITR in several ways-for instance, by identifying needed improvements in (a) international scientific communication in general, (b) scientific interactions within and among research teams as part of the creative process, and (c) the overall international usage of existing scientific knowledge. The paper discusses the machinery of ITR, models of scientific communication, and some original experience in using computers and telecommunications as tools for scientific interaction. All of these are potential objects for scientometric investigation. The paper itself performs some first steps in obtaining economic parameters for the different forms of international team research.


Team Research Scientific Communication Scientific Knowledge Computer Network Creative Process 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    L. KOWARSKI, Team Work and Individual Work in Research, inScience and Society, N. KAPLAN, (Ed.), Chicago, Rand McNally, 1965, p. 248ff; A. M. WEINBERG, Sociotechnical Institutes and the Future of Team Research, inScientific Institutions of the Future, P. C. TITTERBUSH, (Ed.), Washington, D. C., Acropolis, 1972, p. 113ff.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. M. WEINBERG,Loc. cit; See also M. J. MULKAY,et al., Problem Areas and Research Networks in Science,Sociology, 9 (May 1975) No. 2,18, which emphasized the “big science” example.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. S. PRICE,Little Science, Big Science, N. Y., McGraw-Hill, 1963; G. M. DOBROV,Science of Science, Introduction in Naukovedenie (Russian), Kiev, Naukova Dumka, 1966, 1970.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. J. SALOMON,Science and Politics, London, Macmillan, 1973, p. 212–3, A. KING, Science International, in M. GOLDSMITH, A. MACKAY,The Science of Science, London, Souvenir, 1964, p. 114.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    International Associations (a monthly journal); theYearbook of International Organizations (Brussels, Union of International Associations, annual).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J.-J. SALMON,op. cit.—— p. 209.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. POLLACK (Director, Bureau of International Scientific and Technical Affairs, U. S. Department of State), Objectives of International Cooperation in Science and Technology, U. S. Department of State,Bulletin, (June 28, 1971), 837–41.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. ROTBLAT,Pugwash—The First Ten Years: History of the Conferences of Science and World Affairs, London, Heinemann, 1967, p. 93.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. KING,op. cit.——, p. 114. See also E. PETERS, Cultural and Language Obstacles to Information Transfer in the Scientific and Technical Field,Management International Review, 15 (1975) No. 1, 75–88.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    P. AXEL, Scientific Exchange Visits,Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 16 (June 1960) 212–5.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    W. O. HAGSTROM,The Scientific Community, New York Basic Books, 1965, p. 100 andpassim.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. LANGE, Die Rolle der Volkswirtschaftsplanung bei der Überführung wissenschaftlich-technischer Ergebnisse in die Produktion, inWissenschaft-Produktion-Effektivität (Ed. by Autorenkollektiv), Berlin, 1975.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    United Nations, Economic and Social Council, Economic Commission for Europe-Senior Advisers to ECE Governments on Science and Technology; The Organization and Management of Cooperative International Research—Note by the secretariat SC. TECH./R. 56. Paris, 1977.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    D. W. CRAVENS, Organizational Approaches for Interdisciplinary Research. Working paper TC 76-007, Transportation Center, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn. 1976, cited in R. STECK, Organisationsformen und Cooperationsverhalten interdisciplinärer Forshergruppen im internationalen Vergleich. Referat zur Tagung der Sektion Wissenschaftsforschung der deutschen Gesellschaft für Soziologie, Heidelberg, 2–3 Dezember 1977.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    G. M. DOBROV,Wissenschaft: Ihre Analyse und Prognose, Stuttgart, Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1974.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Adapted from J. VALLEE, Modeling as a Communication Process: Computer Conferencing Officers New Perspectives,Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 10 (1977) 397.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    U. S. Congress, House of Representatives, Committee on International Relations, Subcommittee on International Security and Scientific Affairs; Science, Technology and Diplomacy in the Age of Interdependence, Washington, D. C.: USGPO, 1976, p. 56.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    E. G., Akademiia nauk SSSR, VINiTI, Otdel mezhdunarodnykh sviazei i informatsii,Biulleten' meshdunarodnykh nauchnykh s'ezdov, konferentsii i kongressov (Moscow, periodical);Annual International Congress Calendar (Brussels, UIA, annual);Directory of Published Proceedings (White Plains, N. Y; InterDok Corp., monthly); Mezhdunarodnyi tsentr nauchnoi i tekhnicheskoi informatsii, Nauchno-tekhnischeskie konferentsii, soveshchaniia, vystavki (Moscow, MTNTI, 1974);Proceedings in Print (Mattapan, Mass.; Proceedings in Print, 1964-);Scientific Meetings (New York, Special Libraries Association, Science-Technology Division, 1957-);World Convention Dates (Hempstead, N. Y., Hendrickson Publishing Co., monthly);World Meetings: Outside USA and Canada (New York, Mcmillan Information, 1966-);World Meetings: Social and Behavioural Sciences, Education, and Management (Chestnut Hill, Mass; World Meetings Information Center, 1968-);World Meetings: United States and Canada (New York, Macmillan Information, 1963-);Yearkbook of International Congress Proceedings (Brussels, UIA, Annual).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    R. E. LEVIEN, The First Five Years, Director's Review, IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria, November 1977.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    S. STROVER, Evaluation Report on the Stanford-L'university de Montreal Telecolloquium, June 9–10, 1977, Stanford, California, Stanford University, Institute for Communication Research, 1977.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Details regarding material in this section can be found in R. H. RANDOLPH; Computer Assistance for International Team Research (CAITR): A New Communication Medium for IIASA, WP-77-3, Laxenburg, Austria, International Institute for Applied systems Analysis, 1977.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    J. VALLEE, T. WILSON, Computer-Based Communication in Support of Scientific and Technical Work, Menlo Park, California, Institute for the Future, 1976.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    V. G. AFANASEV,Sotsial'naia informatsiia i upravlenie obshchestvom (Social information and the management of society), Moscow, Politizdat, 1975, p. 307.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    G. M. DOBROV, W. D. RAUCH, R. H. RANDOLPH, (Eds)Systems Assessment of New Technology: International Perspectives, Laxenburg, Austria: International Perspectives, Laxenburg, Austria: International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, forthcoming.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    G. M. DOBROV, Why Management Must Catch up with Technology,International Management, 32 (Nov. 1977) No. 11, 78.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    G. M. DOBROV, R. H. RANDOLPH, W. D. RAUCH, Alternative Communication Modes in International Team Research, RM-78-48, Laxenburg, Austria, IIASA, 1978.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    W. D. RAUCH, R. H. RANDOLPH, Computer Assisted Panel Sessions (Caps): Review of an Experiment in Accelerated International Teleconferencing, RM-78-49, Laxenburg, Austria, IIASA, 1978.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    G. M. DOBROV, R. H. RANDOLPH, W. D. RAUCH, Information Networks for International Team Research,Telecommunications Policy (Dec. 1978) 282–297.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    W. D. RAUCH, R. H. RANDOLPH, Computer Assisted Panel Sessions (CAPS): Review of an Experiment in Accelerated International Teleconferencing,Technological Forecasting and Social Change (forthcoming).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. M. Dobrov
    • 1
  • R. H. Randolph
    • 1
  • W. D. Rauch
    • 1
  1. 1.International Institute for Applied Systems AnalysisLaxenburg(Austria)

Personalised recommendations