The scientific interactions of three peripheral nations in terms of citations and references to scientific literature is considered. The nations chosen are Argentina, Brazil and Norway, each with scientific establishments much smaller than those of central, or major, scientific nations. These three nations cite publications of the central nations strongly in comparison to those of their own country. Of the citations to the publications of these three countries, the bulk are generated from within the country involved. There is comparatively little interaction with neighbours. Further work is needed to determine if these patterns exist for most peripheral countries.
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Published by the Institute for Scientific Information, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
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Rabkin, Y.M., Inhaber, H. Science on the periphery: a citation study of three less developed countries. Scientometrics 1, 261–274 (1979). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02016310