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Die Kulturpflanze

, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp 13–48 | Cite as

Die Chloroplasten-Thylakoid-Membran: Biogenese, Pigmentorganisation, Protein-Funktionsbeziehungen und Degeneration während der Seneszenz. Eine Übersicht

  • Klaus Adler
  • Eberhard Brecht
  • Armin Meister
  • Oskar Schmidt
  • Karl-Heinz Süss
Übersichtsdarstellungen

Zusammenfassung

Chloroplasten enthalten charakteristische Membranstrukturen, die als Thylakoidmembranen bezeichnet werden, die im Energiestoffwechsel der grünen Pflanzen die Funktion der Energieabsorber für das Sonnenlicht erfüllen und gleichzeitig die absorbierte S rahlungsenergie in für biochemische Reaktionen verwertbare Energie- und Reduktionsäquivalente umwandeln.

Gegenstand der vorliegenden Übersicht sind einige Aspekte der Thylakoidforschung, so die Biogenese der Membranen, Struktur und Funktion der Proteinkomponenten, die Organisation photosynthetischer Pigmente und der Abbau der Thylakoidmembranen im Verlauf der Seneszenz der Chloroplasten.

The chloroplast thylakoid membrane: Biogenesis, organization of pigments, protein-function relationships and degradation during senescence — a review

Summary

Chloroplasts contain specific membrane structures, so-called thylakoid membranes, which absorb the radiant energy of sunlight in green plants and convert the absorbed light energy into chemical energy forms available for the biochemical reactions of plant metabolism.

In this paper some aspects of thylakoid research are discussed in form of a review, comprising the biogenesis of thylakoid membranes, the structure-function relations of protein components, the organization of photosynthetic active pigments in the membranes, and the degradation of thylakoid membranes during senescence of chloroplasts.

Тилакоидная мембран а хлоропласта: биоген ез, организация пигмент ов, функциональные связ и протеинов и дегенер ация при старении. — Обзор

Краткое содержание

Хлоропласты обладаю т характерными мембр анными структурами, тилакои дными мембранами, которые в энергетическом обме не веществ зелёных растений несут функц ию абсорбера энергии солнечного света и, одновременно, превращают абсорбир ованную энергию излу чения в энергетические и вос становительные эквиваленты, могущие быть использованным и для биохимических реакций.

В настоящем обзоре ра ссматриваются некот орые аспекты изучения тилакоидов: биогенез мембран, стр уктура и функция комп онентов протеина, организаци я фотосинтетических п игментов и распад тил акоидных мембран в течение старения хло ропластов.

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Copyright information

© Akademie Verlag 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus Adler
    • 1
  • Eberhard Brecht
  • Armin Meister
  • Oskar Schmidt
  • Karl-Heinz Süss
  1. 1.Zentralinstitut für Genetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung der Akademie der Wissenschaften der DDRGaterslebenDDR

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