Preventing intimal hyperplasia with photodynamic therapy using an intravascular probe
The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of intravascular photodynamic therapy (PDT) to prevent the development of intimal hyperplasia. Anesthetized New Zealand white rabbits underwent placement of Fogarty balloon catheters introduced via femoral artery cutdowns. Catheters were passed retrograde 10 cm into the lower abdominal aorta, inflated six times, and withdrawn toward the inguinal ligament. Rabbits were then randomly assigned to one of the following groups: group 1, drug with no light; group 2, no drug with 240 joules of light; group 3, drug plus 120 joules of light; or group 4, drug plus 240 joules of light. Uninjured carotid arteries served as negative control vessels (N) and injured but non-PDT-treated iliac artery segments served as positive controls (P). Porfimer sodium (Photofrin) was administered in a dose of 5.0 mg/kg. Light was provided by a fiberoptic probe with a 1 cm cylindric diffuser attached to an argon pumped dye laser tuned to 630 nm to provide 1 W of laser light for 120 or 240 seconds. One month after PDT, rabbits were killed, perfusion fixed with glutaraldehyde, and vessels removed and examined microscopically. Intimal thickness (mean ± SD) was calculated and expressed as ratios of the intima/media at four equal positions. Results for N, P, and groups 1, 2, 3, and 4 were 0.02±0.00, 1.18±0.71, 0.76±0.33, 0.96±0.43, 0.14±0.22, and 0.36±0.16, respectively. Intimal thickness was significantly reduced in groups 3 and 4 when compared with P, group 1, and group 2 (p<0.001, ANOVA). These results showed that intravascular PDT was effective in reducing intimal hyperplasia following arterial injury. This may be a practical method of delivering light for PDT.
KeywordsPhotodynamic Therapy Zealand White Rabbit Intimal Hyperplasia Artery Segment Arterial Injury
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