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Ultrasound diagnosis of an atypical pneumomediastinum

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The diagnosis of an atypical pneumomediastinum in a newborn was confirmed by ultrasound where an echogenic rim of air was noted around the heart. Ultrasound is suggested as an alternative to a decubitus film in differentiating between a pneumomediastinum (which usually resolves spontaneously) and a medial pneumothorax (which requires drainage).

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  1. Swischuk LE (1988) Imaging of the newborn, infant and young child. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, pp 117–128

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Van Gelderen, W.F.C. Ultrasound diagnosis of an atypical pneumomediastinum. Pediatr Radiol 22, 469 (1992).

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