MRI “road-map” of normal age-related bone marrow
- 165 Downloads
We retrospectively reviewed 733 cranial and 250 spinal T1-weighted MR images of patients younger than 24 years to evaluate the bone marrow changes. The signal intensity of the bone marrow on short-TR/TE images was compared with that of fat and normal muscles in the contiguous region and graded. The signal intensity of all anatomic segments was as low as that of muscle, or inferior, in all patients younger than 3 months because of hematopoietic tissue and probably greater amounts of trabecular bone. The first anatomic segments of cranial bone to become hyperintense were the zygomatic bone and mandibular symphysis, followed by the presphenoid bone, basisphenoid, basiocciput, calvaria, and the petrous apex. After 3 years of age, most patients demonstrated pneumatization of the sphenoid sinus. We describe the most interesting changes in the developing spien, which occur in the first 2 years of life. The morphology of the vertebral bodies was evaluated. The variability of the signal and the morphology of the disks were also evaluated. Regional patterns of bone marrow signal intensity and age-related differences should not be misinterpreted as a pathologic condition.
KeywordsBone Marrow Signal Intensity Vertebral Body Trabecular Bone Sphenoid Sinus
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Moore SG, Sebag GH (1986) Primary disorders of bone marrow. In: Cohen MD (ed) Pediatric magnetic resonance imaging. Decker, Philadelphia, pp 765–824Google Scholar
- 2.Wintrobe MM (1981) Clinical hematology. 8th edn. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia p 48Google Scholar
- 6.Gordon NY, Barrett AJ (1985) Normal haemopoiesis. In: Gordon NY, Barrett AJ (eds) Bone marrow disorders. Blackwell, London, pp 3–136Google Scholar
- 7.Biermann A, von Keyserlingk DC (1978) Ultrastructure of reticulum cells in the bone marrow. Acta Anat (Basel) 100: 34Google Scholar
- 15.Silverman FN (1986) The skull. In: Silverman FN (ed) Caffey's pediatric X-ray diagnosis. Year Book Medical, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
- 16.Vidic B (1968) The postnatal development of the sphenoid sinus and its spread into the dorsum sellae and posterior clinoid processes. AJR 104: 177Google Scholar
- 17.Raybaud CA, Naidich TP, McLone OG (1992) Development of the spine and spinal cord. In: Manelfe C (ed) Imaging of the spine and spinal cord. Raven Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 18.Starshak RJ, Wells RG, Sty JR, Gregg DC (1992) Diagnostic imaging of infants and children. The spine (vol II). Aspen, Gaithersburg, MdGoogle Scholar