Aerobic versus anaerobic metabolism of halogenated anilines by aParacoccus sp.
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AParacoccus sp. which transforms aniline and different halogen-substituted derivatives under aerobic and anaerobic conditions was isolated from the soil. In experiments with14C-ring-labeled 4-chloroaniline, approximately 60% of the radioactive material disappeared from the growth medium after incubation under anaerobiosis within 48 hr, but under aerobic conditions no decrease of radioactivity in the growth medium was observed, although 4-chloroaniline was completely metabolized. Acetylation appears to constitute, especially under aerobic conditions, a major transformation mechanism by the bacterium, since almost 50% of the acetylated compound could be detected and identified if aniline, 2-, 3-, and 4-chloroaniline served as substrate. The formation of different metabolites under aerobic and anaerobic conditions clearly indicates the existence of two separate pathways in the metabolism of aniline compounds depending on the oxygen status of the environment.
KeywordsOxygen Growth Medium Aniline Nature Conservation Anaerobic Condition
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