Microbial Ecology

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 159–168 | Cite as

Characterization of aerobic, facultative anaerobic, and anaerobic bacteria in an acidogenic phase reactor and their metabolite formation

  • W. A. Joubert
  • T. J. Britz
Article

Abstract

Fifty-two aerobic and facultative anaerobic and 57 anaerobic bacterial isolates were obtained from an acidogenic phase digestion system. These isolates were characterized and the similarities between the different strains were calculated using Sokal and Michener's similarity coefficient. The aerobic and facultative anaerobic strains clustered in two major groups with the strains of the first main group being gram-negative fermentative rods, representing the generaKlebsiella, Enterobacter, Escherichia andAeromonas. Isolates of the second group were gram-positive streptococci similar toStreptococcus lactis. The strict anaerobic isolates also clustered into two main groups with strains of cluster A being identified as members of the genusFusobacterium while strains in cluster B were members of the genusBacteroides. Hypothetical mean organisms were calculated for each cluster and used in further culture studies. The major products of the continuously fed acidogenic phase reactor were ethanol and acetic, propionic, and butyric acids. In batch cultures, ethanol, acetic acid, diacetyl, and 2,3-butanediol were formed by the strains as major products both under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. The ability of the aerobic and facultative anaerobic strains to be metabolically active under anaerobic conditions indicates a prominent role in acidogenic reactors.

Keywords

Lactis Anaerobic Condition Main Group Batch Culture Bacterial Isolate 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. A. Joubert
    • 1
  • T. J. Britz
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyUniversity of the Orange Free StateBloemfonteinSouth Africa

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