Microbial Ecology

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 185–192 | Cite as

Method for measuring microbial degradation and mineralization of14C-labeled chitin obtained from the blue crab,Callinectes sapidus

  • Joseph N. Boyer
  • Howard I. Kator
Article

Abstract

A method for measuring microbial degradation and mineralization of radiolabeled native chitin is described.14C-labeled chitin was synthesized in vivo by injecting shed blue crabs (Callinectes sapidus) with N-acetyl-D-[1-14C]-glucosamine and allowing for its incorporation into the exoskeleton. The cuticle had a total organic carbon content of 0.48 mg C mg−1 with a specific radioactivity of 6,356 CPM mg−1. Glucosamine, i.e., chitin content as determined colorimetrically, was 22% (w/w). Microbial degradation and mineralization rates were assessed in batch culture using14C-chitin as substrate and York River water as inoculum. Replicate flasks were sampled daily for enumeration of chitinoclastic bacteria and the radiolabel recovered as particulate14C-chitin or14CO2. The amount of14CO2 generated was directly proportional to the loss of particulate14C-chitin, with 96% of the added label recovered as the sum of both phases. The maximum rate of mineralization was 207 mg day−1 g−1 seeded14C-chitin at 20°C. Highest chitinoclastic bacterial counts corresponded to the period of maximum rate of chitinolysis. It is suggested that the rate of chitin mineralization is limited by exoenzymatic depolymerization and not by chitin concentration.

Keywords

Microbial Degradation Chitin Total Organic Carbon Maximum Rate Batch Culture 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph N. Boyer
    • 1
  • Howard I. Kator
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Estuarine and Coastal EcologyVirginia Institute of Marine Science, School of Marine Science, College of William and MaryVirginiaUSA

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