Ammonium-oxidizing bacteria were examined in two wetland environments, a freshwater marsh and an estuarine bay, during a 2-year period. Two predominant types were consistently isolated, one from each environment. Both isolates were identified as species ofNitrosomonas. Using a closed culture, high cell density assay, the effects of temperature, pH, salinity, Na+, K+, nitrite, nitrate, and ammonium concentrations on ammonium oxidation were determined. Maximum activity was observed for the freshwater isolate at 35°C, pH 8.5, salinities of 0.3 to 0.5% Na+ and K+, and ammonium concentrations greater than 0.5 g/l. For the estuarine isolate, maximum activity was observed at 40°C, pH 8.0, salinities of 0.5 to 1.0%, 1.0% Na+ and K+, and 0.2 g/l ammonium. The estuarine isolate had a Na+ requirement which could be partially substituted by the K+, suggesting that the organism is a true estuarine bacterium. Nitrite inhibited both isolates at concentrations greater than 5 mg/l, whereas nitrate had no significant effect on either isolate.
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Jones, R.D., Hood, M.A. Effects of temperature, ph, salinity, and inorganic nitrogen on the rate of ammonium oxidation by nitrifiers isolated from wetland environments. Microb Ecol 6, 339–347 (1980). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02010496
- Cell Density
- Maximum Activity
- High Cell