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Incidence of community-acquired pneumonia caused byChlamydia pneumoniae in Italian patients

  • F. Blasi
  • R. Cosentini
  • D. Legnani
  • F. Denti
  • L. Allegra
Notes

Abstract

The incidence ofChlamydia pneumoniae as a cause of community-acquired pneumonia was evaluated in a one-year prospective study in 108 patients with community-acquired pneumonia. The bacteriological diagnosis was based on culture of sputum or bronchial aspirate and examination of acute and convalescent phase sera forMycoplasma pneumoniae, Legionella pneumophila andChlamydia pneumoniae. A definitive microbiological diagnosis was obtained in 58 (54 %) patients.Chlamydia pneumoniae was the causative agent in 14 patients (13 %) on the basis of positive serological tests; in 10 of the 14 patientsChlamydia pneumoniae was also detected by means of an indirect immunofluorescence test using pharyngeal swab specimens. In conclusion,Chlamydia pneumoniae seems to be a common etiological agent of community-acquired pneumonia, as increasingly reported in the last six to seven years.

Keywords

Causative Agent Serological Test Etiological Agent Indirect Immunofluorescence Italian Patient 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Blasi
    • 1
  • R. Cosentini
    • 1
  • D. Legnani
    • 1
  • F. Denti
    • 1
  • L. Allegra
    • 1
  1. 1.Istituto di Tisiologia e Malattie dell'Apparato RespiratorioUniversità degli Studi di Milano, Ospedale Maggiore di MilanoMilanItaly

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