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Agents and Actions

, Volume 36, Supplement 2, pp C213–C218 | Cite as

Problem solving strategies with biomedical and clinimetric components: The case of perioperative H1-+H2-prophylaxis

  • W. Lorenz
  • B. Stinner
  • W. Dietz
  • M. Koller
  • M. Rothmund
  • W. Dick
Plenary Lecture Symposium on Histamine and Antihistamine in Anaesthesia and Surgery (iii) Prophylaxis and Treatment of Histamine-Involved Anaphylactoid Reactions in Anaesthesia and Surgery

Abstract

A formal (objective) problem solving strategy was developed for the question whether a perioperative histamine H1-+H2-prophylaxis should be applied to patients at risk for a histamine release reaction or for a special severity of such a reaction even in the case of a minor histamine release.

The problem solving strategy followed a four-step procedure: defining the problem, gathering information, stepwise decision making by means of a heuristic decision tree and a selection of biomedical and clinimetric trials for answering the questions in this decision tree and finally drawing conclusions.

An antihistamine H1-+H2-propylaxis was rationally, not definitely recommended for patients at risk (previous reactions to i.v. agents, atopy, multimorbidity or age >70 years) on the basis of drawing conclusions after passing stepwise the heuristic decision tree. Definitive answers can be expected from two randomized trials in Mainz and Frankfurt, the conduct of which is finished and which are at present in the phase of data analysis. They investigate the effectiveness of the H1-+H2-prophylaxis in high risk patients as identified in our problem solving strategy.

Keywords

Data Analysis High Risk Histamine Decision Tree High Risk Patient 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Lorenz
    • 1
  • B. Stinner
    • 2
  • W. Dietz
    • 2
  • M. Koller
    • 1
  • M. Rothmund
    • 2
  • W. Dick
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Theoretical SurgeryUniversity of MarburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of Surgery, Centre of Operative Medicine 1University of MarburgGermany
  3. 3.Department of AnaesthesiologyUniversity of MainzGermany

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