Nutritional risks of vegan diets to women and children: Are they preventable?

  • Johanna Dwyer
  • Franklin M. Loew


The potential health risks of vegan diets specifically for women and children are discussed. Women and children are at higher risk of malnutrition from consumption of unsupplemented vegan diets than are adult males. Those who are very young, pregnant, lactating, elderly, or who suffer from poverty, disease or other environmentally induced disadvantages are at special risk. The size of these risks is difficult to quantify from existing studies. Fortunately the risk of dietary deficiency disease can be avoided and the potential health benefits of vegan diets can be realized when diets for these groups are planned in line with theRecommended Dietary Allowances so that nutrient intakes reach or exceed recommended levels, and access to preventive and curative health services is assured.


veganism vegetarian diet nutritional aspects deficiencies alternative diets values 


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Copyright information

© Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johanna Dwyer
    • 1
  • Franklin M. Loew
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.New England Medical CenterTufts University Schools of Medicine and Nutrition, and Frances Stern Nutrition CenterBostonUSA
  2. 2.Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine and Tufts Biotechnology CorporationBostonUSA
  3. 3.Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine and Tufts Biotechnology CorporationNorth GraftonUSA

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