Liver damage, voluntary alcohol intake and brain histamine
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Liver dysfunction induced by portocaval anastomosis (PCA) in the rat is associated with a great reduction of hepatic alcohol and aldehyde dehydrogenase activities. Despite this, PCA rats voluntarily drank more alcohol than unoperated rats. When subjected to forced alcohol consumption, shunted rats maintained their exaggerated voluntary alcohol intake whereas unoperated rats developed aversion to alcohol. Hypothalamic levels of both histamine and histidine were very high in PCA rats. When these rats were chronically exposed to alcohol, there was a slight decrease in hypothalamic histidine concentration and consequently a lower histamine content. Chronic exposure to alcohol did not, however, influence hypothalamic tissue levels of histamine or histidine in unoperated rats. In both groups, chronic alcohol treatment exerted a stimulatory effect on hepatic alcohol metabolizing enzymes.
KeywordsHistamine Histidine Aldehyde Dehydrogenase Chronic Alcohol Alcohol Treatment
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