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European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 75–82 | Cite as

Predictors of outcome of short-term child psychiatric inpatient treatment

  • A. Sourander
  • H. Helenius
  • H. Leijala
  • T. Heikkilä
  • L. Bergroth
  • J. Piha
Original Contributions

Abstract

In this study, 85 children were prospectively followed after discharge from short-term inpatient treatment. Outcome was defined as functioning within normal range at the follow-up or as improvement in the child's behavior problems. Rutter Parent's Questionnaire was used as a measure on admission and at the 5-month follow-up after discharge. The child's more frequent individual behavior problems, antisocial behavior and disengaged family interaction on admission predicted both functioning outside normal range and less improvement at follow-up. Previous treatment because of developmental or behavioral problems and hyperkinetic symptoms on admission predicted functioning outside normal range. Parent's previous psychiatric hospital treatment was negatively associated with improvement. Pure emotional disorder predicted normal range functioning at follow-up. The child's age, gender, place of treatment and length of short-term treatment were not related to outcome. The results also stress the importance of taking into account both parents' and teachers' evaluations on admission.

Key words

Child psychiatric inpatient outcome predictors short-term 

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Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Sourander
    • 1
  • H. Helenius
    • 2
  • H. Leijala
    • 3
  • T. Heikkilä
    • 4
  • L. Bergroth
    • 1
  • J. Piha
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Child PsychiatryTurku University Central HospitalTurkuFinland
  2. 2.Department of BiostatisticsTurku UniversityTurkuFinland
  3. 3.Child Psychiatric UnitSeinäjoki Central HospitalSeinäjokiFinland
  4. 4.Child Psychiatric UnitSatakunta Central HospitalPoriFinland

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