Advertisement

Psychology and primary care: Evolving traditions

  • Russ Newman
  • Ronald Rozensky
Article

Abstract

The involvement of psychology and psychologists in primary health care is based upon patient care needs which suggest that upward of 60% of all visits to primary care physicians' offices are psychological in nature. Psychologists have a strong tradition of providing primary health care to medically ill patients and as long-term members of the health care team. The wide array of cost-effective patient care services provided by psychologists is discussed. Present APA initiatives in primary health care are presented, along with descriptions of the manuscripts in this special issue of theJournal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings focusing on primary health care.

Key words

primary health care health psychology medical cost offset primary physician 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. American Psychological Association (1994a).Psychology as a health care profession. Washington, DC: APA.Google Scholar
  2. American Psychological Association (1994b).Psychology/primary care linkage project for alcohol and other drug abuse in rural America. Washington, DC: APA.Google Scholar
  3. Belar, C. D. (1995). Collaboration in capitated care: Challenge for psychology.Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 26, 139–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Belar, C. D., & Deardorff, W. W. (1995).Clinical health psychology in medical settings: A pratitioner's guidebook. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  5. Bray, J. H., & Rogers, J. C. (1995). Linking psychologists and family physicians for collaborative practice.Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 26, 132–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Clayson, D., & Mensch, I. (1987). Psychologists in medical schools: The trials of emerging political activism.American Psychologist, 42, 859–862.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Cummings, N. A. (1991). Arguments for the financial efficacy of psychological services in health care settings. In J. J. Sweet, R. H. Rozensky, & S. M. Tovian (Eds.),Handbook of clinical psychology in medical settings. New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
  8. DeLeon, P. H. (1991). Afterward. In J. J. Sweet, R. H. Rozensky, & S. M. Tovian (Eds.),Handbook of clinical psychology in medical settings. New York: Plenum.Google Scholar
  9. Gonick, U., Farrow, I., Meier, M., Ostmand, G., & Frolick, L. (1981). Cost effectiveness of behavioral medicine procedures in the treatment of stress related visits.American Journal of Clinical Biofeedback, 4, 16–24.Google Scholar
  10. Jacobs, D. (1988). Cost-effectiveness of specialized psychological programs for reducing hospital stays and outpatient visits.Journal of Clinical Psychology, 21, 23–49.Google Scholar
  11. Liese, B. S. (1987). Understanding and relating to physicians: Essential to the development of health psychology.Health Psychologist, Winter–Spring, 11.Google Scholar
  12. McDaniel, S. H. (1995). Collaboration between psychologists and family physicians: Implementing the biopsychosocial model.Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 26, 117–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mensch, I. (1953). Psychology in medical schools.American Psychologist, 8, 83–85.Google Scholar
  14. Mickel, C. (1982). Innovative projects earning psychologists spots on hospital heath care teams.American Psychologist, 37, 1350–1354.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Olbrisch, M. (1981). Evaluation of a stress management program.Medical Care, 19, 153–159.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Pace, T. M., Chaney, J. M., Mullins, L. L., & Olson, R. A. (1995). Psychological consultation with primary care physicians: Obstacles and opportunities in the medical setting.Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 26, 123–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Pallak, M. S., Cummings, N. A., Dorken, H., & Henke, C. J. (1994). Effects of mental health treatment on medical cost.Mind/Body Medicine, 1, 7–16.Google Scholar
  18. Rozensky, R. H. (1994). Clinical psychology in medical settings: Psychology's role in health care.Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings, 1, 1–6.Google Scholar
  19. Ruphuy, R. S. (1977). Psychology and medicine: A new approach for community health development.American Psychologist, 32, 910–913.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Sweet, J. J., Rozensky, R. H., & Tovian, S. M. (Eds.) (1991).Handbook of clinical psychology in medical settings. New York: Plenum.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Russ Newman
    • 1
  • Ronald Rozensky
    • 2
  1. 1.American Psychological AssociationUSA
  2. 2.Evanston Hospital and Northwestern UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations