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, Volume 37, Issue 1–2, pp 53–59 | Cite as

Effects of capsaicin on cutaneous vasodilator responses in humans

  • R. G. D. Roberts
  • R. A. Westerman
  • R. E. Widdop
  • R. R. Kotzmann
  • R. Payne
Inflammation and Immunomodulation

Abstract

The neurovascular responses to noxious electrically evoked axon reflex (EAR) stimulation and iontophoretic application of endothelium-dependent [acetylcholine (ACh)] and independent [sodium nitrite (NaNO2)] vasodilator substances were examined in human forearm skin using laser Doppler flowmetry, before and after repeated topical applications of the neurotoxin capsaicin (chronic capsaicin pre-treatment). Following 3 or 4 days of capsaicin pre-treatment the normal vasodilator response to acute application of capsaicin was significantly reduced as was the EAR response. There were, however, no significant changes in the vasodilator responses to either ACh or NaNO2, suggesting that the neurogenic axon reflex is in series with the endothelial and microvascular smooth muscle mechanisms of vasodilatation. Recovery of normal EAR occurred within 2–4 weeks of cessation of capsaicin pre-treatment.

Keywords

Capsaicin Laser Doppler Flowmetry Sodium Nitrite Vasodilator Response Human Forearm 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. G. D. Roberts
    • 1
  • R. A. Westerman
    • 1
  • R. E. Widdop
    • 2
  • R. R. Kotzmann
    • 3
  • R. Payne
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyMonash UniversityClaytonAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Clinical PharmacologyAustin HospitalHeidelbergAustralia
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyCaulfield General Medical CentreCaulfieldAustralia
  4. 4.Department of PhysiologyUniversity of AberdeenScotland, U.K.

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