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Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen

, Volume 34, Issue 2, pp 179–191 | Cite as

Etude du transfert de quelques oligo-éléments dans les chaînes trophiques néritiques et estuariennes: Accumulation biologique chez les poissons omnivores et super-carnivores

  • C. Metayer
  • J. -C. Amiard
  • C. Amiard-Triquet
  • J. Marchand
Article

On the transfer of several trace elements in neritic and estuarine food chains: Bioaccumulation in omnivorous and carnivorous fishes

Abstract

Five species of fishes(Dicentrarchus labrax, Gobius microps, Stizostedion lucioperca, Gadus luscus, Merlangius merlangus) and their major prey organisms were collected monthly from two stations in the Loire estuary (France). The levels of several trace elements (Cd, Pb, Cu, Zn) in their tissues were determined by means of atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The concentrations of Cd, Pb and Cu were shown to decrease in the highest trophic levels: the relatively highest metal levels were determined in annelids, followed by crustaceans, the lowest levels being encountered in fishes. However, a preferential uptake of Cu was observed in crustaceans. There is no biomagnification for these three metals, the concentrations in preys being generally lower than in predators. For Zn, the highest concentrations were measured in worms and copepods but preys such as shrimps and mysids exhibit values of the same order of magnitude compared to predator fishes.

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Copyright information

© Biologische Anstalt Helgoland 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Metayer
    • 1
  • J. -C. Amiard
    • 2
  • C. Amiard-Triquet
    • 2
  • J. Marchand
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Chimie Analytique et d'HydrologieU. E. R. des Sciences PharmaceutiquesNantes CedexFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Biologie MarineU. E. R. des Sciences de la NatureNantes CedexFrance

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