, Volume 40, Issue 6, pp 549–551 | Cite as

The presence of β-phenylethylamine,p-tyramine,m-tyramine and tryptamine in ganglia and foot muscle of the garden snail (Helix aspersa)

  • A. V. Juorio
  • C. W. Kazakoff
Short Communications


The concentrations of β-phenylethylamine,p-tyramine,m-tyramine,m-octopamine and tryptamine in the ganglia or foot muscle ofHelix aspersa range from <0.6 to 11 ng/g.p-Octopamine levels are higher in ganglia (327 ng/g) than in foot muscle (4.1 ng/g). Dopamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine range from 840 to 2710 ng/g while their acid metabolites, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid, 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid range from <20 to 130 ng/g.


Dopamine Tryptamine Acid Metabolite Acid Range Helix Aspersa 
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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. V. Juorio
    • 1
  • C. W. Kazakoff
    • 1
  1. 1.Psychiatric Research Division, Cancer and Medical Research BuildingUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada

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