In vitro activity of ceftriaxone combined with tazobactam against anaerobic bacteria
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The in vitro activity of ceftriaxone combined with tazobactam against 190 strains of anaerobic bacteria was compared with that of amoxicillin with clavulanic acid, ampicillin with sulbactam, piperacillin alone and with tazobactam, cefoxitin, and imipenem, i.e. beta-lactam antibiotics established in the treatment of anaerobic infections. All anaerobes tested were susceptible to ≤32 mg/l ceftriaxone when tazobactam was added at fixed ratios (ceftriaxone to tazobactam) of 2:1 and 8:1 and at constant concentrations of 2,4 and 8 mg/l, respectively. When 4 mg/l tazobactam was added, the MICs of ceftriaxone for 83 of 94 strains of theBacteroides fragilis group were reduced by a factor of 8 to 512; for eight strains, this reduction was two to fourfold. Only the MICs of ceftriaxone for threeBacteroides fragilis strains were not influenced.
KeywordsInternal Medicine Ampicillin Amoxicillin Ceftriaxone Imipenem
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