Expressions of faces in sculptures and paintings as seen from an anatomical viewpoint
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Knowing the fact that the differences in expressions come to characterize the personality of each person, the aesthetic surgeons conduct various kinds of surgery to draw out the personality of our patients. We need to reconsider what expression is from an anatomical viewpoint. Good examples are found among the faces in paintings and sculptures created by artists of Japan from about 1000 years ago. We understand that most muscles do not move singly, that several muscles move together. But we classified the representative muscles used to produce the expressions into 14 types and examined how the expressions were derived or changed with the movement of certain muscles. We believe that an understanding of the functions of the muscles can be of some aid when trying to draw out the rich personality lying dormant in a patient.
Key wordsAnatomy Facial expression Facial muscles
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