Role of leucocyte procoagulant activity in endotoxin-induced DIC: Evidence from comparative studies in rats and rabbits
- 14 Downloads
We have investigated the ability of rat and rabbit leucocytes to generate coagulant activity (PCA) in response to endotoxinin vitro andin vivo. On prolonged incubation with endotoxin (10 μg/ml f.c.) isolated rabbit leucocytes developed strong PCA as measured by clotting and amidolytic assay. In constrast, rat leucocytes failed to produce any PCA even in the presence of huge amounts of endotoxin (200 μg/ml f.c.). When rabbits were given two spaced endotoxin injections (25 μg/kg b.w., 24 h apart) blood leucocytes harvested 30–60 min after the second injection consistently showed marked PCA. Again, unlike the rabbit, rat leucocytes obtained after two endotoxin injections (up 2 mg/kg b.w.) were completely devoid of PCA. These findings support the view that leucocytes are involved in endotoxin-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation in rabbits. On the other hand the poor response of rat leucocytes to endotoxin might help explain the resistance of rats to DIC and Sanarelli-Shwartzman reaction.
KeywordsHuge Amount Poor Response Disseminate Intravascular Coagulation Prolonged Incubation Procoagulant Activity
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- G. Müller-Berghaus, The role of platelets, leucocytes, and complement in the activation of intravascular coagulation by endotoxin. InPlatelets: A Multidisciplinary Approach, pp. 303–320 (EdsG. de Gaetano andS. Garattini) Raven Press, New York 1978.Google Scholar
- N. Semeraro, Interaction of platelets, leucocytes and endothelium with bacterial endotoxins: Possible relevance in kidney disorders. InHemostasis, Prostaglandins and Renal Disease, pp. 99–116 (EdsG. Remuzzi, G. Mecca andG. de Gaetano) Raven Press, New York 1980.Google Scholar
- F.K. Beller, Endotoxin effect on kidney morphology and function. InGram-negative Bacterial Infections, pp. 377–382 (EdsB. Urbaschek, R. Urbaschek andE. Neter) Springer-Verlag, Vienna 1975.Google Scholar