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Pharmaceutisch Weekblad

, Volume 14, Issue 5, pp 305–310 | Cite as

Drug transport across the blood-brain barrier

I. Anatomical and physiological aspects
  • J. B. M. M. Van Bree
  • A. G. de Boer
  • M. Danhof
  • D. D. Breimer
Reviews

Abstract

This review describes various aspects of the transport of drugs across the blood-brain barrier and comprises three parts. In this first part, the anatomical and physiological aspects of blood-brain transport are discussed. It appears that the blood-brain barrier has an anatomical basis at the endothelium of the capillary wall. This endothelium is characterized by the presence of very tight junctions. As a result, the transport by passive diffusion of drugs with a low lipophilicity, is restricted. For certain classes of closely related relatively hydrophilic compounds, however, the presence of specialized carrier systems has been demonstrated which may facilitate transport. Also evidence is presently available, that the permeability of the blood-brain barrier may be under active regulatory control. It is expected that improved knowledge of the anatomical and physiological aspects of the blood-brain barrier and its regulation will provide a scientific basis for the development of strategies to improve the transport of drugs into the central nervous system.

Keywords

Anatomy Biological transport Blood-brain barrier Carrier proteins Cell membrane permeability Cerebrospinal fluid 

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Copyright information

© Royal Dutch Association for Advancement of Pharmacy 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. B. M. M. Van Bree
    • 1
  • A. G. de Boer
    • 1
  • M. Danhof
    • 1
  • D. D. Breimer
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Bio-Pharmaceutical Sciences, Division of PharmacologyUniversity of Leiden, Sylvius LaboratoriesRA LeidenThe Netherlands

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