Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology

, Volume 89, Issue 3, pp 99–104 | Cite as

Foliar injury responses of 24 bean cultivars (Phaseolus vulgaris) to various concentrations of ozone

  • A. E. G. Tonneijck


In the summer of 1981, symptoms on leaves of field grown beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) were noticed suggesting O3 injury. In order to determine their relative sensitivity primary leaves of 24 bean cultivars were exposed to various concentrations of O3. Differences in foliar injury responses between cultivars were affected by O3 concentration. The cultivars Pros/Gitana and Stratego were the most sensitive, whereas Berna and Narda were the most insensitive. The symptoms observed in practice may be attributed to O3. Sensitivity of Stratego primary leaves clearly depended on plant age. This cultivar will be tested as an indicator plant for O3.


In de zomer van 1981 werden in het veld symptomen op bladeren van boon geconstateerd, die mogelijk een gevolg waren van te veel O3 in de lucht. Ten einde de relatieve gevoeligheid te bepalen werden primaire bladeren van 24 bonecultivars blootgesteld aan verschillende concentraties O3. Verschillen in het niveau van bladbeschadiging tussen de cultivars werden beïnvloed door de O3-concentratie. De cultivars Pros/Gitana en Stratego waren het meest gevoelig, Berna en Narda daarentegen het meest ongevoelig. De in de praktijk op boon waargenomen symptomen kunnen aan O3 worden toegeschreven. De gevoeligheid van de primaire bladeren van cultivar Stratego bleek afhankelijk te zijn van de leeftijd van de planten. Deze cultivar zal onderzocht worden op de bruikbaarheid als indicatorplant voor O3.

Additional keywords

air pollution 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Beckerson, D.W., Hofstra, G. & Wukasch, R., 1979. The relative sensitivities of 33 bean cultivars to ozone and sulfur dioxide singly or in combination in controlled exposures and to oxidants in the field. Plant Dis. Reptr 63: 478–482.Google Scholar
  2. Dugger, W.M. Jr., Taylor, O.C., Cardiff, E. & Thompson, C.R., 1962. Stomatal action in plants as related to damage from photochemical oxidants. Pl. Physiol. 37: 487–491.Google Scholar
  3. Floor, H. & Posthumus, A.C., 1977. Biologische Erfassung von Ozon- und PAN-Immissionen in den Niederlanden 1973, 1974 und 1975. VDI-Ber. 270: 183–190.Google Scholar
  4. Hofstra, G. & Ormrod, D.P., 1977. Ozone and sulphur dioxide interaction in white bean and soybean. Can. J. Pl. Sci. 57: 1193–1198.Google Scholar
  5. Hucl, P. & Beversdorf, W.D., 1982. The response of selectedPhaseolus vulgaris L. cultivars to ozone under controlled fumigation and ambient field levels. Can. J. Pl. Sci. 62: 561–569.Google Scholar
  6. Jacobson, J.S. & Colavito, L.J., 1976. The combined effect of sulfur dioxide and ozone on bean and tobacco plants. Envir. Exp. Bot. 6: 277–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lewis, E. & Brennan, E., 1977. A disparity in the ozone response of bean plants grown in a greenhouse, growth chamber or open-top chamber. J. Air Pollut. Control Ass. 27: 889–891.Google Scholar
  8. Manning, W.J. & Feder, W.A., 1980. Biomonitoring air pollutants with plants. Appl. Sci. Publ. Ltd, London. x + 140 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Meiners, J.P. & Heggestad, H.E., 1979. Evaluation of snap bean cultivars for resistance to ambient oxidants in field plots and to ozone in chambers. Plant Dis. Reptr. 63: 273–277.Google Scholar
  10. Oshima, R.J., 1974. A viable system of biological indicators for monitoring air pollutants. J. Air Pollut. Control Ass. 24: 576–578.Google Scholar
  11. Weaver, G.M. & Jackson, H.O., 1968. Relationship between bronzing in white beans and phytotoxic levels of atmospheric ozone in Ontario. Can. J. Pl. Sci. 48: 561–568.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Koninklijke Nederlandse Planteziektenkundige Vereniging 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. E. G. Tonneijck
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Institute for Plant Protection (IPO)Wageningenthe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations