Advertisement

Journal of Systems Integration

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 373–403 | Cite as

A formal approach to modeling office information systems

  • Zhijian Zhu
  • James A. Mchugh
  • Jason T. L. Wang
  • Peter A. Ng
Article

Abstract

This paper formally specifies a document model for office information systems, including formal definitions of document types (frame templates), a document type hierarchy, folders, and folder organizations. Folder Organizations are defined using predicates and directed graphs. AReconstruction Problem for folder organizations is then formulated; viz., under what circumstances it is possible to reconstruct a folder organization from its folder level predicates. The Reconstruction Problem is solved in terms of such graph-theoretic concepts as Associated Digraphs, transitive closure, and redundant/nonredundant filing paths. A Transitive Closure Inversion algorithm is then presented which efficiently recovers a Folder Organization digraph from its Associated Digraph.

Keywords

office information systems document type filing and retrieval directed acyclic graph document model predicates 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    E. Bertino M. Rabitti, and S. Gibbs, “Query processing in a multimedia document system,”ACM Transactions on Office Information Systems 6(1), pp. 1–41, January 1988.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. Booch, 1991.Object Oriented Design with Applications. Benjamin/Cummings: Redwood City, CA, 1991.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Christodoulakis, M. Theodoridou, F. Ho, M. Papa, and A. Pathria, “Multimedia document presentation, information extraction, and document formation in MINOS: A model and system,”ACM Transactions on Office Information Systems 4(4), pp. 345–383, October 1986Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    W. B. Croft and D. W. Stemple, “Supporting office document architectures with constrained types,” inProc. of ACM SIGMOID International Conf. on Management of Data, 1987, pp. 504–509.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. Gibbs and D. Tsichritzis, “A data modeling approach for office information systems,”ACM Transactions on Office Information Systems, 1(4), pp. 299–319, October 1983.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    X. Hao, J. T. L. Wang, M. P. Bieber, and P. A. Ng, “A tool for classifying office documents,” inProc. of Fifth IEEE International Conference on Tools with Artificial Intelligent, Boston, MA, November 1993. pp. 427–434.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    X. Hao, J. T. L. Wang, and P. A. Ng., “Nested segmentation: an approach for layout analysis in document classification,” inProc. of Second IEEE International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, Ibaraki, Japan, October 1993, pp. 319–322.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    W. Horak, “Office documentation architecture and office document interchange formats—a current status of international standardization,”IEEE Computer 18(10), pp. 50–60, October 1985.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. G. Huges, 1990.Object Oriented Database, Prentice Hall: New York 1990.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    W. Kim and F. H. Lochovsky, 1989.Objct-Oriented Concepts, Databases, and Applications, Addison-Wesley: New York, 1989.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Q. Liu, J. T. L. Wang, and P. A. Ng, “An office document retrieval system with the capability of processing incomplete and vague queries,” inProc. of the Fifth Int. Conf. on Software Engineering and Knowledge, San Francisco, CA, June, 1993, pp. 11–17.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Q. Liu, J. T. L. Wang, and P. A. Ng, “On research issues regarding uncertain query processing in an offic document retieval system,”Journal of System Integration 3(2), pp. 163–194, 1993.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    E. Lutz, H. V. Kleist-Retzow, and K. Hoernig, “MAFIA—An active mail-filter-agent for an intelligent document processing support,” inMulti-User Interface and Applications. Elsevier Science Publishers, North Holland, S. Gibbs and A.A. Verrjin-Stuart edition, 1990.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. A. McHugh, 1990.Algorithmic Graph Theory. Prentice Hall: New Jersey, 1990.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    F. Mhlanga, J. T. L. Wang, T. H. Shiau, and P. A. Ng, “A query algebra for office documents,” inProc. of 2nd Int. Conf. on System Integration, Morristown, New Jersey, June 1992, pp. 458–467.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    S. Pozzi and A. Celentano, “Knowledge-based document filing,”IEEE Expert, pp. 34–45, October 1993.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. T. L. Wang, F. S. Mhlanga, Q. Liu, W. C. Shang, and P. A. Ng, “An intelligent documentation support environment,” inThe Fifth International Conference on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, San Francisco, CA, June 1993, pp. 429–436.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. T. L. Wang, F. S. Mhlanga, and P. A. Ng “A new approach to modeling office documents,”ACM SIGOIS Bulletin 14(2), pp. 46–55, December 1993.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    J. T. L. Wang and P. A. Ng, “TEXPROS: An intelligent document processing system,”International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering 15(4), pp. 171–196, April, 1992.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. Zobel, J. A. Thom, and R. Sacks-Davis, “Efficiency of nested relational document database systems,” inProc. of the 17th International Conf. on VLDB, Barcelona, Spain, September 1991, pp. 91–102.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhijian Zhu
    • 1
  • James A. Mchugh
    • 1
  • Jason T. L. Wang
    • 1
  • Peter A. Ng
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Integrated Systems Research, Department of Computer and Information ScienceNew Jersey Institute of TechnologyNewark

Personalised recommendations