, Volume 45, Issue 7, pp 674–680 | Cite as

Ecological and evolutionary dynamics of fig communities

  • S. A. Frank


I review the status of five topics in fig research: pollen-vector versus seed production, flowering phenology and wasp population dynamics, monoecy versus dioecy, parasite pressure, and fig wasp behavior. I raise several new questions based on recent research on two components of fig reproduction: pollen-donation (male) and seed-production (female) success. I focus on how these two components of reproductive success depend on the flowering phenology of the figs and the population dynamics of the pollinator wasps.

Key words

Coevolution comparative method development Ficus fig Hymenoptera mutualism parasite phenology phylogeny pollination 


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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag Basel 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. A. Frank
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of CaliforniaIrvineUSA

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