Ceftibuten (7432-S, SCH 39720): Comparative antimicrobial activity against 4735 clinical isolates, beta-lactamase stability and broth microdilution quality control guidelines
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The antimicrobial activity of ceftibuten, a new oral cephalosporin, was evaluated using 4735 clinical bacterial isolates processed at four medical centers. Ceftibuten inhibited nearly 92 % of allEnterobacteriaceae (⩽ 8.0µg/ml), thereby being markedly superior to cefixime which inhibited 78.7 % at ⩽1.0µg/ml and cefuroxime which inhibited 45.1 % at ⩽2.0µg/ml. Pseudomonads and staphylococci were not within the spectrum of activity of ceftibuten. Ceftibuten was found to be very stable in the presence of five commonly occurring beta-lactamases of both the chromosomal-mediated (P99, K1) and plasmid-mediated (CARB-2, OXA-1, TEM-1) types. Only Type Ia (P99) beta-lactamase was significantly inhibited by ceftibuten. On the basis of results of a ceftibuten MIC quality control study conducted in five laboratories, a quality control range of 0.12 to 0.5µg/ml is recommended for theEscherichia coli ATCC 25922 strain.
KeywordsInternal Medicine Quality Control Antimicrobial Activity Cephalosporin Medical Center
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