, Volume 45, Issue 8, pp 775–777 | Cite as

Long-term memory in territorial grasshoppers

  • M. D. Greenfield
  • E. Alkaslassy
  • G. -y. Wang
  • T. E. Shelly
Research Articles


Males ofLigurotettix spp. grasshoppers (Orthoptera, Acrididae, Gomphocerinae), territorial species that defend individual host plant shrubs, home to their territories by memorizing landmarks. Thus, the insects can navigate efficiently toward high quality shrubs which are chemically distinctive and recognizable via gustation, but indistinguishable from a distance.

Key words

Grasshoppers herbivory homing behavior host plant chemistry landmark navigation Ligurotettix memory territoriality 


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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. D. Greenfield
    • 1
  • E. Alkaslassy
    • 1
  • G. -y. Wang
    • 1
  • T. E. Shelly
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Hawaiian Evolutionary Biology ProgramUniversity of HawaiiHonoluluUSA

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