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Role of bacterial and host factors in the pathogenesis ofShigella septicemia

  • M. J. Struelens
  • G. Mondal
  • M. Roberts
  • P. H. Williams
Article

Abstract

To determine the role of bacterial and host factors in the pathogenesis of shigellemia, blood and fecalShigella isolates were compared for serum resistance and siderophore production, and shigellemic patients were examined for decreased serum bactericidal activity or increased serum transferrin saturation compared to control patients with non-bacteremic shigellosis. The majority of both blood (36/38) and fecal (36/48)Shigella isolates were sensitive to normal serum (> 2 log kill/60 min).Shigella dysenteriae type 1 strains were the most sensitive, andShigella sonnei strains were the most resistant. Siderophore production was species- and serotype-dependent.Shigella dysenteriae type 1 produced only enterochelin; mostShigella flexneri expressed only aerobactin, andShigella sonnei secreted both types of siderophores. No difference in siderophores was noted between blood and fecal strains within a given serotype. In contrast, shigellemic patients exhibited a 43-fold decrease in serum bactericidal activity and a two-fold increase in transferrin saturation compared to well-nourished control patients. These results indicate that the pathogenesis ofShigella septicemia is not related to serum resistance or siderophore production but may involve serum abnormalities associated with malnutrition.

Keywords

Transferrin Control Patient Normal Serum Serum Resistance Host Factor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. J. Struelens
    • 1
    • 2
  • G. Mondal
    • 2
  • M. Roberts
    • 3
  • P. H. Williams
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyErasme University HospitalBrusselsBelgium
  2. 2.International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease ResearchDaccaBangladesh
  3. 3.Department of GeneticsUniversity of LeicesterLeicesterUK

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