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Archives of Toxicology

, Volume 67, Issue 3, pp 164–172 | Cite as

Modulation of acrylonitrile-induced embryotoxicity in vitro by glutathione depletion

  • Anne-Marie Saillenfait
  • Jean-Paul Payan
  • Isabelle Langonné
  • Dominique Beydon
  • Marie-Christine Grandclaude
  • Jean-Philippe Sabaté
  • Jacques de Ceaurriz
Original Investigations

Abstract

The effects of glutathione (GSH) depletion on the embryotoxicity of acrylonitrile were assessed in vitro using the rat whole-embryo culture system. Day 10 rat embryos were cultured in rat serum medium for 6 h in the presence of 250 μMl-buthionine-S,R-sulfoximine (BSO), a specific inhibitor of GSH synthesis, to deplete GSH in both embryo and visceral yolk sac. Following pretreatment, conceptuses were cultured for an additional 21 h in the presence of 152, 228, or 304 μM acrylonitrile. At the end of the culture period, conceptuses were assessed for survival, growth and development, malformations, and the protein and glutathione content of embryos and yolk sacs were assayed. Acrylonitrile alone produced concentrationrelated and statistically significant decreases in yolk sac diameter, crown-rump length, head length and number of somite pairs, as well as in embryonic and yolk sac proteins. The chemical also caused dysmorphogenesis of the brain and of the caudal extremity, and a concentration-related and statistically significant increase in GSH content in the yolk sac. Pretreatment with BSO significantly enhanced the embryotoxic effects of acrylonitrile. The conceptuses displayed further decreases in functional yolk sac circulation, yolk sac diameter, crown-rump and head length, when compared to either acrylonitrile or BSO alone. The incidence of caudal malformations and the severity of brain malformations produced by acrylonitrile were also increased. Marked decreases in embryonic and yolk sac GSH contents were observed after exposure to BSO alone or in combination with acrylonitrile. Thus, depletion in embryonic and yolk sac GSH by BSO enhanced teratogenic and growth retarding effects of acrylonitrile in vitro, suggesting that GSH plays a critical role in modulating acrylonitrileelicited embryotoxicity.

Key words

Acrylonitrile Whole-embryo culture Embryotoxicity Glutathione depletion L-Buthionine-S,R-sulfoximine 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne-Marie Saillenfait
    • 1
  • Jean-Paul Payan
    • 1
  • Isabelle Langonné
    • 1
  • Dominique Beydon
    • 1
  • Marie-Christine Grandclaude
    • 1
  • Jean-Philippe Sabaté
    • 1
  • Jacques de Ceaurriz
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut National de Recherche et de SécuritéVandoeuvreFrance

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