Vitamin E-induced chronic inflammation in rats
Sub-plantar injection of vitamin E (VE) oil produces a highly localized, chronic inflammation which is sustained for at least 8 weeks. As a result of studies using mediator inhibitors and depletors, it appears that histamine, serotonin, kinins, and prostaglandins may be involved in at least the early response to VE. This early phase is dominated by a massive influx of neutrophils, with the reaction rapidly progressing to a sustained mononuclear cell pathology. Results of studies in leucopenic rats suggest that edema formation and accumulation of white cells may be dissociable, although at this time it is not possible to conclude that edema can occur in the absence of cells since profoundly leucopenic rats are still able to locally mobilize polymorphonuclear cells in response to VE. Vitamin E-induced inflammation, produced under the conditions described, can be effectively suppressed by corticosteroids but seems relatively insensitive to the action of most non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents tested.
KeywordsCorticosteroid Serotonin Histamine Prostaglandin Mononuclear Cell
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