Adrenaline-stimulated, aspirin-sensitive synthesis of histamine in the rat
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The intravenous injection of 40 μg/kg of adrenaline raised total rat lung histamine from 5.3±0.7 μg, to 8.4±0.7 μg and rat skin histamine from 624±51 μg to 835±85 within 5 min. These changes were no longer apparent after 10 min. Stomach histamine was unaffected. Blood drawn 2 min after the injection of adrenaline failed to show an increased content of histamine. Rats given 1 mg/kg of compound 48/80, had greatly elevated levels of histamine in blood, but exhibited no increase in lung histamine. This result, as well as the extent of the increase of histamine observed in skin, which cannot be accounted for in any other way, point towards stepped-up local synthesis as the origin of the effect of adrenaline. Aspirin (20 mg/kg, intravenously 10 min prior to adrenaline), prevented increases of skin histamine. Evidence suggesting mast cells as the site of action of adrenaline, is discussed.
KeywordsAspirin Mast Cell Histamine Adrenaline Elevate Level
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