Archives of Toxicology

, Volume 67, Issue 7, pp 461–467 | Cite as

Pathways of trans,trans-muconaldehyde metabolism in mouse liver cytosol: Reversibility of monoreductive metabolism and formation of end products

  • Zhihua Zhang
  • Stanley A. Kline
  • Theresa A. Kirley
  • Bernard D. Goldstein
  • Gisela Witz
Original Investigations


The metabolism of trans,trans-muconaldehyde (MUC), a hematotoxic agent which is a presumed in vivo metabolite of benzene, was studied in mouse liver cytosol. MUC was incubated for 30 min at 37°C with mouse liver cytosol (from CD-1 mice) supplemented with NAD+ and the products were analyzed by reverse phase HPLC. Two products were detected in addition to the previously identified acid-aldehyde 6-oxo-trans,trans-2,4-hexadienoic acid (COOH-M-CHO) and the diacid trans,trans-muconic acid (COOH-M-COOH). Based on the molecular weight (112) obtained by thermo-spray LC-mass spectrometry and the absorbance maximum (269 nm), one of the products was identified as the aldehyde-alcohol 6-hydroxy-trans,trans-2,4-hexadienal (CHO-M-OH). The second product was identified as 6-hydroxy-trans,trans-2,4-hexadienoic acid (COOH-M-OH) by coelution with authentic standard, the fragmentation pattern obtained by electron impact mass spectrometry and the absorbance maximum (258 nm). Time course and concentration dependency studies indicate that COOH-M-OH and COOH-M-COOH are end products of MUC metabolism while CHO-M-OH, and COOH-M-CHO, the initially formed mono-reduction and mono-oxidation products, respectively, are the intermediates leading to these end products. The metabolite COOH-M-OH is formed mainly by oxidation of CHO-M-OH and to a much lesser extent by reduction of CHO-M-COOH, whereas COOH-M-COOH is formed solely by oxidation of COOH-M-CHO. The reduction of MUC to CHO-M-OH is reversible, whereas oxidation to COOH-M-CHO is not. The compound CHO-M-OH is not only oxidized to COOH-M-OH by oxidation of the aldehyde functional group, but is also converted back to MUC by oxidation of the alcohol functional group.

Key words

Muconaldehyde Metabolism Mouse liver cytosol 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhihua Zhang
    • 1
  • Stanley A. Kline
    • 1
  • Theresa A. Kirley
    • 1
  • Bernard D. Goldstein
    • 1
  • Gisela Witz
    • 1
  1. 1.Joint Graduate Program in ToxicologyRutgers University/UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical SchoolPiscatawayUSA

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