Inhibition of C5a-induced basophil degranulation by disodium cromoglycate
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Injection of purified porcine C5a into 24-hr basophil-rich cutaneous basophil hypersensitivity sites in the dose range 10−12–10−10 moles/site produced cutaneous basophil anaphylaxis (CBA). The H1 anti-histamine antagonist mepyramine, given orally (3.0–30 mg/kg), inhibited the vasopermeability, but not the basophil degranulation, characteristic of CBA. The antiallergy agent disodium cromoglycate (DSCG), administered intravenously (3.0–30 mg/kg), inhibited vasopermeability and basophil degranulation. DSCG inhibition of mast cell degranulation was not important in the inhibition of CBA, since intact mast cells were found to be depleted at basophil-rich sites and absent at C5a-induced CBA sites from animals treated with DSCG.
C5a at 10−11 moles/site also induced vasopermeability and mast cell degranulation in normal guinea pig skin. Vasopermeability, but not mast cell degranulation, was inhibited by mepyramine at 30 mg/kg p.o. However, DSCG at 10 mg/kg i.v. failed to inhibit either the vasopermeability or the mast cell degranulation of this reaction. These results indicate that C5a induces the degranulation of both basophils and mast cells in the guinea pig, and that C5a-induced degranulation of basophils, but not mast cells, is inhibited by DSCG.
KeywordsMast Cell Dose Range Disodium Cromoglycate Mast Cell Degranulation
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