De novo generation of histamine in sputum and the effect of antibiotics
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We have performed experiments to test the hypothesis that bacteria may contribute to the presence of histamine in sputum. Sputum samples obtained from 7 patients with exacerbations of chronic bronchitis and 7 patients with cystic fibrosis were incubated at 37°C for 72 hours. Serial sputum histamine estimations, performed by a recently-developed HPLC technique, showed large, progressive increases in both groups of samples. Both the pre-heating of samples at 100°C prior to incubation and the addition of antibiotics to the incubates substantially reduced these increases. These findings strongly suggest that bacteria may contribute to sputum histamine in infective lung disease.
KeywordsHistamine Cystic Fibrosis Lung Disease Bronchitis Progressive Increase
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