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Evaluation of amoxicillin clavulanate twice daily versus thrice daily in the treatment of otitis media in children


A total of 311 children who had recurrent otitis media or who had experienced failure of initial treatment of acute otitis media with phenoxymethylpenicillin, amoxicillin, ampicillin esters or cefaclor were entered into a single-blind study in two parallel groups in order to compare the clinical efficacy and safety of amoxicillin/clavulanate suspension given b.i.d. or t.i.d. for seven days. The patients were examined prior to the start of treatment, at an early follow-up visit 9 to 12 days after the start of treatment and at a late follow-up visit about three weeks later. Specimens for bacteriological culture were taken from the nasopharynx at entry, at the early follow-up visit, and at the late follow-up visit if there were symptoms of otitis. Both treatment groups showed a similar response, 90 % or more of the patients being cured or showing improvement at the time of the early follow-up visit. The initial nasopharyngeal cultures showed growth ofHaemophilus influenzae in 53 % of the patients,Moraxella catarrhalis in 43 % andStreptococcus pneumiae in 39 %. After treatment, cultures showed elimination of the initial pathogens in 30 % of patients in both groups and recolonization in 23 % in both groups.Haemophilus influenzae was the bacteria most frequently found in the nasopharynx at the first follow-up visit. Adverse effects, which consisted mostly of gastrointestinal and dermatological reactions, tended to be more common in the b.i.d. group but the difference was not statistically significant.

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S.O. Bertilson, Södertälje, Sweden; P.Bjerrum, Randers, Denmark; O. Blevgad Andersen, Århus, Denmark; S.E.Böhme, Frederikshavn, Denmark; G. Englund, Stockholm, Sweden; A. Harbo, E. Hübertz Mortensen, Randers, Denmark; K. Juul Jensen, Århus, Denmark; B. Kortholm, Vejle, Denmark; S. Madsen, Hobro, Denmark; V. Moesgaard Nielsen, Ålborg, Denmark; M. Mortensen, Randers, Denmark; K. Pfeiffer Petersen, Albertslund, Denmark; P. Rigner, Göteborg, Sweden; A.S. Storm Hansen, Ålborg, Denmark; C. von Sydow, Göteborg, Sweden.

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Jacobsson, S., Fogh, A., Larsson, P. et al. Evaluation of amoxicillin clavulanate twice daily versus thrice daily in the treatment of otitis media in children. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 12, 319–324 (1993).

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  • Amoxicillin
  • Otitis Medium
  • Acute Otitis Medium
  • Haemophilus Influenzae
  • Cefaclor