Experientia

, Volume 44, Issue 9, pp 772–774 | Cite as

Evidence that the establishment of pregnancy requires activation of lipoxygenase and phospholipase-A2

  • P. V. Holmes
  • P. Hellberg
  • P. Sjöblom
Short Communications

Summary

The present work investigates the possibility that lipoxygenase products are involved in the biochemical mechanisms of blastocyst implantation by utilizing nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) and caffeic acid (CA), inhibitors of lipoxygenase enzymes, and quinacrine (QU), an inhibitor of phospholipase-A2. It has been shown previously that inhibition of cyclooxygenase results in blockade of implantation. The inhibitors were dissolved in a standard medium and 5 μl of the solutions were micro-injected into the uterine horns of day-4 pregnant mice. The contralateral horns acted as controls and received only vehicle. A sham-operated group provided normal controls. In 14 NDGA-treated mice, the control horns contained 40 implantations while the treated horns contained only 6 small implantations and 8 resorbing sites. These control horns were comparable to the sham controls. In 14 CA-treated mice, treated horns contained 17 small implantations plus 4 resorptions, whereas the control horns contained 26 small implantations and 4 resorptions. Twelve QU-treated mice exhibited 7 small implantations and 4 resorptions in the treated horns, plus 24 small sites and no resorptions in the control horns. Fourteen sham-operated mice had 95 implantation sites and no resorptions in their 28 horns. The results provide evidence for the involvement of the lipoxygenase enzymes and phospholipase-A2 in the initial implantation process and in the subsequent development of early pregnancy.

Key words

Implantation blastocyst decidual reaction lipoxygenase prostaglandins leukotrienes 

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag Basel 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. V. Holmes
    • 1
  • P. Hellberg
    • 1
  • P. Sjöblom
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyUniversity of GothenburgGothenburg(Sweden)

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