, Volume 66, Issue 4, pp 622–628 | Cite as

Frames: Time level and variation in “the dream of the rood”

  • Carolyn Holdsworth


Time Level Comparative Literature Historical Linguistic 
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  1. 1.
    Michael J. Swanton, ed.,The Dream of the Rood (New York: Barnes & Noble, 1970), p. 51.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rosemary Woolf, “Doctrinal Influences on ‘The Dream of the Rood’,”Medium Aevum, 27 (1958), 143.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Arthur G. Brodeur,The Art of Beowulf (Berkeley: Univ. of Calif. Press, 1971), p. 40.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Brodeur, p. 14.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Brodeur, p. 41.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Brodeur, p. 274.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Brodeur, p. 49.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Brodeur, p. 49.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. A. Burrow, “An Approach to the ‘Dream of the Rood’,”Neophilologus, 43 (1959), 124.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Faith Patten, “Structure and Meaning in ‘The Dream of the Rood’,”English Studies, 49 (1968), 400–01.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    I have used “The Dream of the Rood” text of John C. Pope, ed.,Seven Old English Poems, 2nd ed. (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merill Co., 1966), pp. 7–15.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    For a detailed examination of the personification of the cross, see Margeret Schlauch, “The ‘Dream of the Rood’ as Prosopopoeia,” inEssays and Studies in Honor of Carleton Brown (New York: New York Univ. Press, 1940), pp. 23–24.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Michael J. Swanton, “Ambiguity and anticipation in ‘The Dream of the Rood’, ”Neuphilologische Mitteilungen, 70 (1969), 407.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bernard F. Huppé,The Web of Words (Albany: State Univ. of New York Press, 1970), p. 107.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Pope, “Commentary,” p. 68.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Burrow, p. 131.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    I agree with Huppé's interpretation of “wealdes treo.” He says, “The two meanings [of wood and of power] reflect the antithesis between the lowly specific and glorious universal aspects of the cross,” p. 80.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Huppé, p. 79.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Huppé, p. 78.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Swanton, “Ambiguity,” p. 407.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Albert Keiser,The Influence of Christianity on the Vocabulary of Old English Poetry (Urbana, Ill.: Univ. of Ill. Press, 1919; rpt. New York: Johnson Reprint Co., 1967), p. 79.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Wolters-Noordhoff 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carolyn Holdsworth
    • 1
  1. 1.New OrleansUSA

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