Ultraviolet and volatility loss of herbicides

  • J. R. Baur
  • R. W. Bovey
Article

Abstract

Herbicide 2,4-D formulated as a urea-type “polymer” was readily destroyed by long-wave uv (356-nm) irradiation, whereas conventional 2,4-D was more resistant. The opposite relationship was noted for “polymeric” and conventional formulations of dicamba. “Polymerized” 2,4-D was more resistant to thermal degradation (60°C) than “non-polymerized” formulations. Ultraviolet degradation of “polymerized” 2,4-D was eliminated by the incorporation of RYLEX-H and UVINUL D-50, industrial uv absorbers. Exposure of “polymeric” dicamba to 60°C heat, followed by trapping of the volatile component, indicated that 21 percent was lost by thermal degradation and 46.6 percent by volatilization. Comparable values for “non-polymerized” dicamba were 37.9 and 60.1 percent.

Keywords

Polymer Volatility Thermal Degradation Volatile Component Conventional Formulation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. R. Baur
    • 1
  • R. W. Bovey
    • 1
  1. 1.Agricultural Research Service U.S. Department of Agriculture and Department of Range ScienceTexas A&M UniversityCollege Station

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