Advertisement

Experientia

, Volume 40, Issue 5, pp 429–437 | Cite as

Sleep disturbance due to transportation noise: ear plugs vs oral drugs

  • M. Vallet
  • J. Mouret
Article

Conclusion

Sleep is not only the output of an EEG machine but a global phenomenon with unique physiological, environmental and psychological features occurring in a given individual. There is no question that statistical evaluation of noise-induced sleep disturbances in non homogeneous groups of subjects has resulted in the construction of a magnificent neurophysiological edifice by assembling a few individual bricks. In this respect, whether subjectively disturbed or not, we now know that when we sleep in noisy areas our delta sleep is reduced, our heart rate fails to habituate to individual noises, and we are more likely to develop psychic disturbances than residents in quiet areas. Data from these studies are however interspersed with results from a number of experiments during which the subject has been looked upon as nothing but a sleeper, i.e., experiments in which day-time stresses and noises were considered as irrelevant for the night-time study. It seems important therefore that future studies should gather more longitudinal data based on a limited number of subjects selected according to their day-time habits and psychological (e.g., extroverts/introverts) and physiological (e.g., short or long sleepers) characteristics. The knowledge about these situational factors and personality traits might provide new insights into individual biological strategies developed to cope with noise stress. The difficulties in assessing the effect of noise on sleep are particularly obvious if we consider another finding: deaf subjects spend significantly less time in delta sleep than do control subjects47 and they present sleep pattern alterations remarkably similar to those which are most consistently described in noisy conditions.

Keywords

Sleep Disturbance Situational Factor Sleep Pattern Psychological Feature Global Phenomenon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Agnew, H.W. Jr, Webb, W.B., and Williams, R.L., Comparison of stage 4 and 1—REM sleep deprivation. Percept. Motor Skills24 (1967) 851–858.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ando, Y., and Hattori, H., Effects of intense noise during fetal life upon postnatal adaptability, J. acoust. Soc. Am.47 (1970) 1128–1130.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Baekeland, F., and Lasky, R., Exercise and sleep patterns in college athletes, Percept. Motor Skills23 (1966) 1203–1207.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Blois, R., Debilly, G., and Mouret, J., Daytime noise and its subsequent sleep effects. Congr. on Noise as a Public Health Problem, Freiburg 1978. Proceedings American Speech-language Hearing Association, report No. 10, pp. 425–432. Eds J. Tobias, G. Jansen and W. Ward. Rockville 1980.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Eberhardt, J.L., and Akelsson, K.R., Disturbance by road traffic noise of the sleep of young and elderly males as recorded in the home, in: Sleep 1982. Proc. Eur. Congr. of Sleep Research, pp. 298–300. Ed. W.P. Koella. Karger, Basel 1983.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ehrenstein, W., and Muller-Limmroth, W., Laboratory investigations into effect, of noise on human sleep. Congr. on Noise as a Public Health Problem, Freiburg 1978. Proceedings of American Speech-language Hearing Association, report No. 10, pp. 433–441. Eds J. Tobias, G. Jansen and W. Ward. Rockville 1980.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fidell, S., and Jones, G., Effects of cessation of late night flights on an airport community. J. Sound Vibration42 (1975) 422–437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Foret J., Sommeil et horaires de travail irréguliers. Thèse Université de Lille, Lille 1973.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    François, J., Les répercussions du bruit des avions sur l'équilibre des riverains des aéroports. Etude longitudinale autour de Roissy, 3e phase, Rapport IFOP BV 77-333 au Ministère de l'Environnement, Paris 1979.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    François, J., Les répercussions du bruit des avions sur l'équilibre des riverains des aéroports. Etude longitudinale autour de Roissy, 4e phase. Rapport IFOP BV 80-349 au Ministère de l'Environnement, Paris 1982.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Friedmann, J., and Globus, G., Effects of cessation of late night landing noise on sleep electrophysiology in the home. NASA Case report 132543, Washington, D.C. 1974.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Galosy, R.A., Clarke, L.K., Vasko, M.R., and Crawford, I.L., Neurophysiology and Neuropharmacology of cardiovascular regulation and stress. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev.5 (1981) 137–175.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Globus, G., Friedmann, J., and Cohen, H., Effects of aircraft noise on sleep as recorded in the home. Sleep Res.2 (1973) 116–122.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Griefahn, B., Long term exposure to noise. Aspects of adaptation, habituation and compensation. Waking Sleeping1 (1977) 383–386.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Griefahn, B., Research on noise-disturbed sleep since 1973, Freiburg 1978. Congr. on Noise as a Public Health Problem. Proceedings of American Speech-language Hearing Association, report Nr. 10, pp. 377–390. Eds J. Tobias, G. Jansen and N. Ward. Rockville 1980.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Griefahn, B., and Gros, E., Disturbances of sleep. Interaction between noise, personnal and psychological variables. Noise as a Public Health Problem, Turin 1983. Centro ricerche e studi amplifon, pp. 895–904. Ed. G. Rossi. Milano 1983.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Heym, J., Trulson, M.E., and Jacobs, B.L., Raphe Unit Activity in freely moving cats: effects of phasic auditory and visual stimuli. Brain Res.232 (1982) 29–39.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Jurriens, A., Sleeping twenty nights with traffic noise: results of laboratory experiments, Congr. on Noise as Public Health Problem, Freiburg 1978. Proceedings of American Speech-language Hearing Association, report No. 10, pp. 413–424. Eds J. Tobias, G. Jansen and W. Ward. Rockville 1980.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Jurriens, A., Noise and sleep in the home: Effects on sleep stages, in: Sleep 1980. Proc. Eur. Congress Sleep Research, pp. 217–220. Ed. W.P. Koella. Karger, Basel 1981.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Jurriens, B., Kumar, A., Hofmann and Van Diest, R., Sleeping at home with different sound insulation. Proceedings Inter Noise 1981 Amsterdam, pp. 783–786. Eds. V. Peutz and A. de Brulin. Nederland Akoestisch Senootschap, Delft 1981.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Knipschild, P., Medical effects of aircraft noise. Int. Archs occup. envir. Hlth40 (1977) 185–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Knipschild, P., Aircraft noise and hypertension. Congr. on Noise as Public Health Problem, Freiburg 1978. Proceedings of American Speech-language Hearing Association, report No. 10, pp. 283–287. Eds J. Tobias, G. Jansen and W. Ward. Rockville 1980.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kumar, A., Campbell, K., Hofmann, W., Vallet, M., Jurriens, A.A., and Van Diest, P., Evaluation and validation of automatic and visual methods of sleep stages classification of human sleep recordings done at home. Proc. International conference on cybernetic and society, 1981, pp. 516–520.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Labiale, G., and Vallet, M., Etude comparative du sommeil perturbé par le bruit en laboratoire et à domicile. Trav. hum. (1984) in press.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Lambert, J., Simonnet, F., and Vallet, M., Patterns of behaviour in dwellings exposed to road traffic noise. J. Sound Vibration92 (1984) 159–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Langdon, J., and Buller, B., Road traffic and disturbance to sleep. J. Sound Vibration50 (1977) 13–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Langford, G.W., Meddis, R., and Pearson, J.D., Awakening latency from sleep for meaningful and non meaningful stimuli. Psychophysiology11 (1974) 1–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Levere, T.E., and Davis, N., Arousal from sleep: the physiological and subjective effects of a 15 dB(A) reduction in aircraft flyover noise. Aviat. Space envir. Med.48 (1977) 607–611.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Lukas, J.S., and Kryter, K.D., Awakening effects of simulated sonic booms and subsonic aircraft noise on six subjects 7 to 72 years of age. NASA Case Report No. 1599, Washington D.C. 1970.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Lukas, J.S., Awakening effects of simulated sonic booms and aircraft noise on men and women. J. Sound Vibration20 (1972) 457–466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Lukas, J.S., Noise and sleep: a litterature review and a proposed criteria for assessing effects. J. acoust. Soc. Am.58 (1975) 1232–1242.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Metz, B., and Muzet, A., Effets propres et interaction de l'élévation du niveau sonore et de la température ambiante sur le sommeil, in: Bruit et Sommeil. Collection Recherche et Environnement, No. 3, Ministère de la Culture et de l'Environnement, pp. 81–160. La Documentation Française, Paris 1977.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Morgan, P., and Rice, C.G., Behavioral awakening in response of indoor sonic booms. Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, University of Southampton, personal communication.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Mouret, J., Fondements biologiques de la privation de sommeil dans le traitement des dépressions. Encéphale8 (1982) 229–250.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Mouret, J., and Vallet, M., Bruit, Stress et Santé, 1le congrès international d'acoustique, Paris 1983, Proceedings, vol. 8, pp. 329–332. Eds J. Mattei and R. Prudhomme. Centre National des Télécommunications, Paris 1983.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Muzet, A., and Naitoh, P., Sommeil et bruit. Confrontations psychiat.15 (1977) 215–235.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Muzet, A., and Erhardt, J., Amplitude des modifications cardiovasculaires provoquées par le bruit au cours du sommeil. Cœur et Médecine interne, vol. 17, pp. 49–56. Paris 1978.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Muzet, A., Kumar, et al., Traffic noise, sleep and performance, in: Sleep 1980, Proc. Eur. Congress on Sleep Research, pp. 211–234. Ed. W.P. Koella. Karger, Basel 1981.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Muzet, A., Modifications végétatives entraînées par le bruit au cours du sommeil. Rapport CEB-CNRS No. 76-22 pour le Ministère de l'Environnement, Strasbourg 1980.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Ohrstrom, E., and Rylander, R., Sleep disturbance effects of traffic noise. A laboratory study after effects. J. Sound Vibration84 (1982) 87–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Ohrstrom, E., and Bjorkman, M., Sleep disturbance before and after traffic noise attenuation in an apartment building. J. acoust. Soc. Am.73 (1983) 877–879.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Organisation mondiale de la santé, Environmental Health Criteria 12; Noise. WHO, Geneva 1980.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Oswald, I., Taylor, A.M., and Treisman, M., Discriminative responses to stimulation during human sleep. Brain83 (1960) 440–453.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Rechtschaffen, A., Hauri, P., and Zeitlin, M., Auditory awakening thresholds in REM and NREM sleep stages. Percept. Motor Skills22 (1966) 927–942.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Relster, J., Effects of traffic noise on psychical health, 1981. National Danish Road Laboratory, personal communication.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Rice, C., Sonic boom exposure effects: sleep effects. J. Sound Vibration22 (1972) 511–517.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Robinson, L., and Dawson, S., EEG and REM sleep studies in deaf people. Am. Annls Deaf120 (1975) 387–390.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Rylander, R., Sorensen, S., and Berglund, K., Sonic boom effects on sleep, a field experiment on military and civilian population. J. Sound Vibration24 (1972) 41–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Thiessen, G.J., Disturbance of sleep by noise. J. acoust. Soc. Am.64 (1978) 216–222.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Thiessen, G., Habituation of behavioral awakening and EEG measures of response to noise, Congr. on Noise as a Public Health Problem, Freiburg 1978. Proceedings American Speech-language Hearing Association, report No. 10, pp. 397–400. Eds. J. Tobias, G. Jansen and W. Ward. Rockville 1980.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Townsend, R.E., Johnson, L.C., and Muzet, A., Effects of long term exposure to tone pulse noise on human sleep. Psychophysiology10 (1973) 369–376.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Vallet, M., Blanchet, V., Bruyere, J.C., and Thalabard, G.C., La perturbation du sommeil par le bruit de circulation routière, étude in situ. Rech. Envir. vol. 3, pp. 183–212. La documentation française, Paris 1977.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Vallet, M., Gagneux, J.M., and Simonnet, F., Effects of aircraft noise on sleep; an in situ experience. Congr. on Noise as a Public Health Problem. Proceedings of American Speech-language Hearing Association, report No. 10, pp. 391–396. Eds J. Tobias, G. Jansen and W. Ward. Rockville 1980.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Vallet, M., and François, J., Evaluation physiologique et psychosociologique de l'effet du bruit d'avion sur le sommeil. Trav. hum.45 (1982) 155–168.Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Vallet, M., Gagneux, J.M., Blanchet, V., Favre, B., and Labiale, G., Long term sleep disturbance due to traffic noise. J. Sound Vibration90 (1983) 173–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Vernet, M., Effects of train noise on sleep for people living in houses bordering the railway line. J. Sound Vibration3 (1979) 66–74.Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Webb, W.B., Sleep as a biorhythm, in: Biological Rhythms and Human Performance, pp. 149–177. Ed. W.P. Colquhoun. Academic Press, London 1971.Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Webb, W.B., and Agnew, H.W. Jr, Sleep stage characteristics of long and short sleepers. Science168 (1970) 146–148.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Wehrli, B., and Wanner, H.U., Auswirkungen des Strassenverkehrslärms in der Nacht. Kampf dem Lärm25 (1978) 138–149.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Wilkinson, R.T., and Campbell, K., Traffic noise at night: effects upon physiology of sleep, subjective report, and performance the next day. J. acoust. Soc. Am. 1984, in press.Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Williams, H., Effects of noise on sleep: a review, Dubrovnik 1973. Proceeding of the Int. Congr. on Noise as a Public Health Problem, pp. 501–511. Ed. W. Ward. Environmental Protection Agency 550.9.73008, Washington D.C. 1973.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Vallet
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. Mouret
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut de Recherche des TransportsCentre d'Evaluation et de Recherche sur les Nuisances et l'EnergieBron(France)
  2. 2.Service de Neurophysiologie CliniqueHopital NeurologiqueLyon(France)

Personalised recommendations