7 monoterpenes, α-pinene, β-pinene, myrcene, p-cymene, limonene, neral and geranial, were identified together with n-undecane in the scent scales ofP. melete, and also, together with considerable amounts of linalool, in the scent scales ofP. napi. Content ratio of neral to geranial inP. melete ranged from 0.77 to 1.04, and that inP. napi from 1.84 to 2.43. The present chemotaxonomic approach shows the 2 species ofPieris to be distinct.
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The authors thank Dr T. Yushima (National Institute of Agricultural Science, Japan) for supplying the references 3 and 4.
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Hayashi, N., Kuwahara, Y. & Komae, H. The scent scale substances of malePieris butterflies (Pieris melete andPieris napi). Experientia 34, 684–685 (1978). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01947255