Papers of the Regional Science Association

, Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 77–88 | Cite as

Production functions, export base multipliers and urbanization ratios in city systems

  • Gordon F. Mulligan


Production Function Base Multiplier City System Export Base Urbanization Ratio 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    Beckmann, M. J. and McPherson, J. C. “City Size Distribution in a Central Place Hierarchy: An Alternative Approach.”Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 10 (1970), pp. 25–33.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Beguin, H. “Urban Hierarchy and the Rank-Size Distribution.”Geographical Analysis, Vol. 11 (1979), pp. 149–164.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Christaller, W.Central Places in Southern Germany. (C. Baskin, trans.) Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1966.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Mulligan, G. F. “Additional Properties of a Hierarchical City-Size Model.”Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 19 (1979), pp. 57–66.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    — “The Effects of Muliplier Shifts in a Hierarchical City-Size Model.”Regional Science and Urban Economics, Vol. 10 (1980), pp. 77–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Parr, J. B. “Models of the Central Place System: A More General Approach.”Urban Studies, Vol. 15 (1978), pp. 35–49.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    — “Frequency Distributions of Central Places in Southern Germany: A Further Analysis.”Economic Geography, Vol. 56 (1980), pp. 141–154.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Parr, J. B., Denike, K. G. and Mulligan, G. F. “City-Size Models and the Economic Base: A Recent Controversy.”Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 15 (1975), pp. 1–8.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Suarez-Villa, L. “Rank Size Distribution, City Size Hierarchies and the Beckmann Model: Some Empirical Results.”Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 20 (1980), pp. 91–97.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Regional Science Association 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gordon F. Mulligan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geography and Regional DevelopmentThe University of ArizonaTucson

Personalised recommendations