Experientia

, Volume 46, Issue 8, pp 817–822 | Cite as

Energetics of bacterial adhesion

  • M. C. M. van Loosdrecht
  • A. J. B. Zehnder
Reviews

Summary

For the description of bacterial adhesion phenomena two different physico-chemical approaches are available. The first one, based on a surface Gibbs energy balance, assumes intimate contact between the interacting surfaces. The second approach, based on colloid chemical theories (DLVO theory), allows for two types of adhesion: 1) secondary minimum adhesion, which is often weak and reversible, and 2) irreversible primary minimum adhesion. In the secondary minimum adhesion a thin water film remains present between the interacting surface. The merits of both approaches are discussed in this paper. In addition, the methods available to measure the physico-chemical surface characteristics of bacteria and the influence of adsorbing (in)organic compounds, extracellular polymers and cell surface appendages on adhesion are summarized.

Key words

Bacterial adhesion long-range forces short-range forces electrostatic interaction DLVO-theory hydrophobicity surface Gibbs energy 

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag Basel 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. C. M. van Loosdrecht
    • 1
  • A. J. B. Zehnder
    • 2
  1. 1.Kluyverlaboratorium for BiotechnologyDelft University of TechnologyDelft(The Netherlands)
  2. 2.Dept of MicrobiologyWageningen Agricultural UniversityWageningen(The Netherlands)

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