Shivering during sleep: Relationship between muscle blood flow and fiber type composition
The present study considers in rabbit: i) the relationship between muscle blood flow (BF) increase and fiber-type composition during shivering; ii) the influence of the vigilance states (Quiet Wakefulness, QW; Synchronized Sleep, SS; Desynchronized Sleep, DS) on this relationship. The results show that muscle BF increase during shivering is proportional to the slow-twitch oxidative (SO) fiber component in QW and SS; in DS the proportionality is lost. This is in accordance with the disappearance of shivering, together with all thermoregulatory effector responses, in this sleep state. Another muscle circulation pattern occurring at low ambient temperature, the relationship between BF increase and muscle depth, also disappears in DS. This confirms that the integrative control of muscle circulation, like other integrative mechanisms, is impaired during DS.
Key wordsShivering sleep thermoregulation muscle blood flow muscle fiber composition microspheres
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